Reviewing Obstacles: Will the Medical Profession Begin to Apply Nutrigenomics?

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Reviewing Obstacles: Will the Medical Profession Begin to Apply Nutrigenomics? Yvette K. Stoliker
Wayland Baptist University
RSWR 3345.VC03
10 October 2012

Abstract
Nutrigenomics is the relationship between the nutrients that the body ingests and the cells within the body. Each cell has a unique purpose to maintain the bodies’ health. The medical profession should understand deficiency diseases of the body and be able to apply nutrient therapy through the application of nutrigenomics. Several reasons are affecting the acceptance in the medical profession. History has proven this application, but there are long term effects that need to be analyzed. A lack of nutrition education in the medical profession is one reason that nutrigenomics is not applied. There is significant research that needs to be performed on cell interaction, beyond the already identified deficiency diseases. Ethical, legal and social issues need to be considered when advancing the nutrigenomics research and medical profession applications.

Table of Contents
Introduction4
Nutrigenomics and the Medical Profession4
What is Nutrigenomics?5
Nutrigenetics vs. Nutrigenomics5
An Example to Relate the Concept of Nutrigenomics5
History and Applications6
Historical6
Recent Application7
Current Medical Application7
Reasons for the Lack of Medical Profession Application8
Personalized Medicine Goal8
Medical Profession Need for Knowledge to Apply Nutrigenomics8
Nutrigenetic Testing for the Application of Nutrigenomics9
Ethical Challenges11
Legalities13
Societal Issues13
Conclusion15
References16

Reviewing Obstacles: Will the Medical Profession Begin to Apply Nutrigenomics? A common expression of health, food and how it pertains to the body is, “You are what you eat”. Is this something that should be lived by on a daily basis or is it something to be thought about when illness or deficiency diseases occur? An individual diagnosed with diabetes is easily aware of the fact that diet is a contributing factor. Can this be the case behind all deficiency diseases of the body? Nutrigenomics is a methodology of applying nutrients to cells of the body to prevent, reverse, or heal the body of disease. Nutrigenomics and the Medical Profession

How often does the medical profession inquire about the dietary habits of the patient? It is not common for physicians to explore nutrition in their practice. Dr. Genius (2006), states that “a failure often embedded in the misguided notion that most patients are already receiving their requirements for daily nutrients and that nutritional therapies are perhaps alternative or archaic healthcare” (p. 97). How many individuals actually, truly consider the health benefits of what they eat? It is not an intentional fault of the physician, there are several reasons the medical profession is not applying nutrigenomics to the treatment of patients. Medical professionals should receive the education needed to apply nutrigenomics, even in its most basic form. Research of nutrigenetics should be furthered and have scientific data, as well as being recognized as a medical application. With both nutrigenetic research and nutrigenomics application by the physician there are ethical, legal and societal issues to be dealt with. This paper will outline the theory behind nutrigenomics and discuss the reasons that hinder the application of nutrigenomics by the medical profession.

What is Nutrigenomics?
Nutrigenomics is the study of nutrient (vitamin and mineral) reactions with individual genes and the effect that the relationship between the two have on the body. The application of nutrigenomics is a blend of integrative and functional medicine. Integrative medicine is the conventional and alternative therapies physicians use for patient care. Functional medicine is finding the root...
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