1.What techniques are used in the characterization of Heathcliff? Effects?
Heathcliff is associated with evil and darkness from the beginning of the novel. "I felt his black eyes withdraw so suspiciously under their brows." (1) When Lockwood sees Heathcliff's garden (perhaps a symbol for Heathcliff) "the earth was hard with a black frost the air made me shiver through every limb." (6) When we see Heathcliff when he is first brought into the Earnshaw household, he is immediately associated with evil, "though its as dark almost as if it came from the devil." (32) Mrs. Earnshaw gives orders to "wash IT and let IT sleep with the children." (32) The Earnshaws do not seem to consider Heathcliff human. When he is introduced to the family, the children learn that Mr. Earnshaw lost their gifts in order to bring Heathcliff home. This leaves a bad taste in Hindley's mouth that will not go away. "Cathy, when she learnt the master had lost her whip in attending on the stranger, she showed her humour by grinning and spitting at the little thing." (33) Nelly says, "So, from the very beginning he bred bad feeling in the house; and at Mrs. Earnshaw's death, which happened in less than two years after, the young master had learnt to regard his father as an oppressor rather than a friend, and Heathcliff as a usurper of his father's affections and his privileges, and he grew bitter with brooding over these injuries." (34) From the first time Heathcliff is introduced, he is associated with darkness and never grows out of it. This constant association with evil and darkness makes him appear evil even though we have some sympathy for him.
2.Show an understanding of why point of view is a crucial technique to understand in this work. Include an awareness of the ideas in the Carol Jacob's essay "Wuthering Heights: At the Threshold of Interpretation."
Point of view is an important aspect of every novel. It can be argued that...