AKINDELE TEMITOPE MATTHEW
REVIEW OF THE NIGSAT-2 AND NIGSAT-X AND ITS IMPLICATION ON THE COUNTRY
Nigeria has newly launch two satellites into space, NigSat-2 and NigSat-X. However, its imperative to briefly review what satellite is and the Nigerian experience. A satellite is an artificial body placed in orbit around the earth or another planet in order to collect information and for communication. Generally, it is an object that moves around a larger object. However, as it is used generally it refers to man-made satellites which are machines launched into space and orbit earth. There are several satellites, some take pictures of the earth while others focus on other planets, the sun and other objects. These pictures help scientists learn about the earth, the solar system and the universe. It should be noted that there are other satellites which are for the purpose of telecommunication. They are called Communication Satellites (abbreviated COMSAT), and they allow radio, television and telephone transmission to be sent live anywhere in the world. Satellites come in many shapes and sizes. But most have at least two parts in common – an antenna and a power source. The antenna is used to send and receive information. The power source can be a solar panel or battery. Since the first launch of satellite into space by the Soviet Union called Sputnik I in 1957, the importance of satellite has gradually become a venture by different government and private entities. Satellites are placed into orbits around the earth and there are 3 major one. 1.Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO)
2.Medium Earth Orbit (MEO)
3.Low Earth Orbits (LEO)
Majority of artificial satellites are placed in LEO, where they travel at about 7.8km/S (28,080 km/h) making one...