In this article, the author explores the major meta-ethical theory of Cultural Relativism. According to it, Cultural Relativism states that all morality is relative to culture, that the truth of ethical claims is relative to an individual or group's perspective. Cultural Relativism holds that an action is morally right or morally wrong because of the beliefs and values of the culture in which the action takes place. Therefore cultural relativism denies the possibility of any objective foundation for moral rules or obligations. Comments
In the sections 2.1 and 2.2 The author defines what Cultural Relativism is all about by giving us a glimpse of different cultural practices form more accepted funeral cremation by Greeks to barbaric (to us) flesh eating practice of Callatians to going against our institution of marriage Eskimo practices or polygamy and "wife swapping". The third section considers one argument in support of cultural relativism and then offers objections to that argument.
She goes on setting up 6 claims of Cultural Relativism:
1. Different societies have different moral codes.
2. There is no objective standard that can be used to judge one societal code better than another. 3. The moral code of our own society has no special status; it is merely one among many. 4. There is no "universal truth" in ethics-that is, there are no moral truths that hold for all people at all times. 5. The moral code of a society determines what is right within that society; that is, if the moral code of a society says that a certain action is right, then that action is right, at least within that society. 6. It is mere arrogance for us to try to judge the conduct of other peoples. We should adopt an attitude of tolerance toward the practices of other cultures. With rules 4 and 5 more essential for Cultural Relativism definition then others. At this point she doesn't say whether Cultural Relativism is a valuable theory or not, she merely...