Review of Related Literature and Studies

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Review of Related Literature and Studies
This chapter presented the selected studies, gathered by the researchers to hold up the main purpose of the research study and to guide the researchers upon answering the problems present in the study. The researchers connected the related literature and studies from the different sources such as books, journals, websites and other reading materials to its significant relation to the present situation.

Related Literatures
Livingstone’s (2008) article on “Taking Risky Opportunities in Youthful Content Creation: Teenagers’ Use of Social Networking Sites for Intimacy, Privacy and Self-Expression” contrasts youth’s formation of friends with the social networking sites classification. He claimed that with the use of different media of information, parents must be familiar with its contents to share with their children’s activity, but as digital technology came into the picture, it becomes near to impossible for parents to cope up with this innovation. Livingstone said that the demands that goes with it bears the real challenge to engage with online activities, acquire information and education content, but its difficulty captivates parents to the wrong idea that they can’t be like their children who are Internet experts. He also mentioned that unlike their parents, young adults depend a lot on the Internet for leisure and information. Base on steady themes rising out of spotlight discussions, it is planned that persons use social-networking sites to practice careful, well-organized, and instant bond with others for their interpersonal communication fulfillment and as an ongoing way to search for the approval and support of other people. According to the book “Everything Psychology” by Kendra Cherry (2010), Theory of Personality of Sigmund Freud has something to do with compulsive engagement to social networking sites. According to Freud, the mind can be divided into two main parts. The conscious mind includes everything that we are aware of. This is the aspect of our mental processing that we can think and talk about rationally. A part of this includes our memory, which is not always part of consciousness but can be retrieved easily at any time and brought into our awareness. Freud called this ordinary memory the preconscious. The unconscious mind is a reservoir of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that outside of our conscious awareness. Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict. According to Freud, the unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences. She cited that according to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, personality is composed of three elements. These three elements of personality — known as the id, the ego and the superego— work together to create complex human behaviors. She also mentioned that the id is the only component of personality that is present from birth. This aspect of personality is entirely unconscious and includes of the instinctive and primitive behaviors. According to Freud, the id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality. She added also that the id is driven by the pleasure principle, which strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs. If these needs are not satisfied immediately, the result is a state anxiety or tension. For example, an increase in hunger or thirst should produce an immediate attempt to eat or drink. The id is very important early in life, because it ensures that an infant’s needs are met. If the infant is hungry or uncomfortable, he or she will cry until the demands of the id are met. She stated that the ego is the component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be...
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