Review of Related Literature and Studies (Autism)

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CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies for both foreign and local underlying the framework of the study. Synthesis was also created based from the gathered information and facts in literature and studies.

FOREIGN LITERATURES
According to the study of the orbitofrontal–amygdala circuit and self-regulation of social–emotional behavior in autism that. Autism is centrally characterized by developmental disruption in social–emotional behavior and communication. Numerous studies have documented that, across the spectrum of disability, individuals with autism have poor social and affective relatedness, difficulty developing and maintaining social relationships with peers, problems in the social use of language, unusual non-verbal behaviors including gesture, abnormalities of emotional awareness and expression, and in general, difficulty meeting cultural expectations for age-appropriate social behavior and social- emotional depends secondly on the ability to evaluate and modify our own behavior in light of what believe to be true about others, so that our behavior toward them will be effective in achieving our social/communicative goals . The study provides some knowledge about the social–emotional behavior in autism the individual has behaviors for communicating to individuals and the process of perception and action is continuous and cyclical, in that modifications to own behavior affect the social environment that perceived which in turn leads us to modify the autism behavior. And it helps to known about the autism behaviors and gestures. Related literature about the Decision Support Systems (DSS) area has diversified and the development of the web technologies has radically transformed the designed, development, implementation and deployment of DSS. The initial concept of decision support system, even it was launched before PCs existed, was focused on the use of interactive computing in semi structured decision making. It evolved from the Decision Management System concept introduced by Michael Scot Morton. In Sprague noted that the initial definition of DSS – computer-based interactive systems that help decision makers to use data and models to solve unstructured problems, was too restrictive, therefore this definition was extended to include any system involved in the decision making process. This broader DSS definition gave the opportunity to hide under the DSS umbrella of “all information systems that are used by managers or business professionals and don’t fall into some other category”. Due to different perspectives and extremely various dimensions of the decision making support, DSS research field evolved in different directions. This diversity created, during the years, confusions related to the “theoretical basis, architectural form, support mechanisms, design and development strategies, evaluation approaches, and managerial and organizational aspects of decision making support systems”. The study related to Batasan Elementary School LAN-based tutorial for special needs (autism) using Decision Support System with Performance Evaluation because of the information has related in Decision Support System. It was efficient to use to the system that it can easily to have a decision making and also it depends to the command that needed decision making basis. The study about autism has become one of the most prevalent childhood afflictions of our generation, the second most common developmental disability, next to mental retardation, affecting an estimated 1 in 150 children (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007; Autism Society of America, n.d.). Autism is a lifetime neurobiological disorder and is not curable. As many as 1.5 million Americans today are believed to have some form of autism, with this number increasing daily. Autism is a spectrum disorder, defined by a certain set of behaviors. Even though two people...
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