Review of Literature
December 1, 2013
Health promotion is an important part in the healthcare system. Health promotion involves keeping the public aware of current health issues that are of concern and are at a high. Health promotion does involve education but that is just the beginning to what we are trying to achieve. McManus (2013) defines health promotion as “the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health”. Not only are we trying to educate people but we ultimately want to get people to want to change and be aware of their health. Nearly forty percent of all deaths in the United States are due to behavioral causes and this is why health promotion is so important (Olsen, 2010). So what exactly happens during the process of health promotion? There are four categories that that involve health promotion and they are focus, strategies, impact, and outcomes. The focus starts with groups, populations, or individuals. These are the people we want to educate. Next the focus is on the strategies that are used to get the topic across that is trying to be presented, whether it is educational, motivational, technological etc. After the strategies have been implemented the impact of the strategies is evaluated. Have the individuals made behavioral and environmental adaption’s to meet this goal? Lastly, what is the outcome? After all this is what all healthcare professionals are focused on.
The purpose of health promotion in the nursing practice is better health of patients and better quality of life but there are specific principles that are aimed for when health promotion is being implemented. There is always an end goal because without goals what is the purpose of doing anything? These five principles include, building healthy public policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community action, developing personal skills, and reorienting health services (McManus,...
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