review of literature

Topics: Medicine, Health care, Health Pages: 3 (791 words) Published: October 20, 2013


Review of Literature

Sarah Shipley

Review of Literature

Health promotion is defined by the World Health organization as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions. Health promotion is a whole body and mind approach instead of looking at one specific problem or fix. Health promotion strategies are not limited to a specific health problem, nor do they apply to a specific set of behaviors. Health promotion applies to the principles of promotion to a variety of population groups, risk factors, diseases, economical state, and in a variety of settings. It does not only focus on the associated efforts put into education, community development, policy, or legislation: health promotion involves evidence based strategies such as counseling, encouraging healthy choices like exercising or eating better, environmental changes, and ultimately behavior changes needed to live a healthy life. Equally important are the efforts made to prevent and treat communicable diseases, chronic disease, genetic issues, injury, violence, and mental problems.

Nurses play an important role in promoting health to their patients and those around them. Health promotion in the nursing practice is a key factor to help guide health decisions made by individuals, families, communities, and organization. Nurses can make a huge difference in health promotion by educating their patients and caretakers of there patients, providing follow up care, and referring patients to community resources as needed. The purpose of health promotion in nursing practice is to positively influence the behavior of patients that we educate and interact with on a daily basis as well as the environmental and occupational health of our patients. As nurses we can improve...
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