Restorative Justice

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Question 1
Defining restorative justice is usually defined and evaluated as a theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. It is best accomplished when the parties themselves meet cooperatively to decide how to do this. This can lead to transformation of people, relationships and communities according to the Wikipedia definition of restorative justice. Social control" is defined as "specific attempts to influence deviance and conformity." In this conception, social control is limited to purposive actions that define, respond to, and control deviant behavior. This work focuses on three aspects of social control: style, form, and effectiveness. The style of social control refers to the type of response normative violations elicit. The four major styles of social control: penal, compensatory, conciliatory, and therapeutic. These styles differ in the ends they seek, the way they allocate responsibility for actions, the identities they provide deviants, and the focus of their sanctions. According to Horowitz styles of social control, in particular the conciliatory style, led us to define restorative justice as a modality of social control. It is worth noticing that the resolution refers also to: restorative justice programs; restorative process, and restorative outcome. According to Dr. Sita Nsimba he referred to Horwitz reporting that “the concept of social control referred to the capacity of society to regulate itself according to values and principles of proper behavior” (p-10) . He also states that social control is often used to indicate a coercive process imposed upon individuals to enforce normative conformity. In this view social norms are never consensual but reflect the efforts of particular groups to impose their view of morality on other groups (A.V Horwitz 1990:8) Elements of Major styles of social Control are penal, compensatory, conciliatory, and therapeutic and of all the styles conciliatory is the best...
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