Responsibility of Parties Involved in Establish Safety at Construction Site

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Responsibility of Parties Involved In Establish Safety at Construction Site

Abstract
The research paper is conducted to give awareness to all parties involved in construction industry and to identify the common hazards at site. In construction industry, accidents are likely to occur due to human error, hazards of the surrounding environment, and failure to comply with safety instructions. Generally, safety aspects should be the main priority at constructions site to minimize the accidents. The data were collected using questionnaire that distribute to Selangor and Kuala Lumpur area only. So, further research need to be conducted at other states in order to get more details and precise data. Keywords: construction site, hazards, safety

Content Page

Page no

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………4

Literature Review……………………………………………………………………………...6

Methodology…………………………………………………………………………………..8

Findings and Discussion……………………………………………………………………….9

Conclusion and Recommendations…………………………………………………………..16

References……………………………………………………………………………………18

Appendix A………………………………………………………………………………......20

Introduction

Background Research

The construction industry in Malaysia has embarked on a new era towards the realization of sustainable and progressive construction. In 2007, the government had launched the Construction Industry Master Plan 2006-2015 (CIMP) initiated by the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) Malaysia. The purpose of CIMP is to gear up the Malaysian construction industry towards globalization and competitiveness. It constitutes seven strategic thrusts which encompass the construction value chain. One of the strategies is strategic thrust 3 which is to emphasize on striving for the highest standard of quality, occupational safety, and health and environmental practices. Safety in construction must be a priority among the construction work during pre-construction, construction and post construction stage.

Much work is needed to ensure the successful implementation of safety measures at a construction site. Indeed, safety at a construction site requires the involvement of all construction players. Without all co-operations, it is impossible to minimize accidents during construction work. Besides, safety regulations outlined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) need to be implemented by employer to prevent accident to the workers and public.

In addition, construction industry is also known as one of the most hazardous industry. The reason is a construction site is subjected to the hazardous and dangerous areas. Unfortunately, many people are not much pay attention on hazard at construction sites. As such, workers are not much aware on hazards especially hazards related to the working at high places, hoisting machineries, scaffolding works and mobile machineries. Hazards on these categories were classified critical as its involved people factor and also life. In order to ensure a safe and conducive working condition, there are three basic steps that should be taken which are identifying the hazard, assessing the risk and controlling the risk.

Statement of Problem

According to Bernama (2008), the construction industry is the major contributor for the country’s economic growth, but the statistic released by the Ministry of Human Resource showed that the construction industry were also recorded among the most continuous increase of death in which 100 death out of the 1300 death caused by industrial accidents. Therefore, safety regulations outlined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) need to be followed as the safety measure on construction sites. It is also because the employer has a duty to provide a workplace without known hazards that could cause...
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