Responding to School Bullying

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Responding to School Bullying
Assume that you have been called before a Commission that wants to know if you can help to identify different kinds of school bullying and formulate a policy to deal with this anti-social behaviour in Hong Kong. What would you advise the Commission? Specify the value premises that underlie each different policy implication of your recommendation. Back up your theoretical and substantive arguments with research evidence

Introduction

(Background)
Bullying always occur among a group of people, the more the people at a place, the more the potential bullying cases because there are diversities among them in terms of personality, manner, behaviour, etc. No one can deny that bullying always occur at schools since students have major cognitive transitions in adolescence. School bullying is a type of bullying that occurs in connection with education, either inside or outside of school. For a school, there should be effective policies for dealing with school bullying with values behind. The components of an anti-bullying policy may have the purposes of intervention and prevention. (Stands)

It is true that the policy should tackle the root causes of school bullying/forming policies for school bullying should be based on the root problems. (Arguments)
First, Bullying as a response to group and peer pressures within the school. Second, bullying is an outcome of the existence of specified social groups with different levels of power. Third, individual differences between people may be result in one person bullying another. Fourth, schools should employ teachers who have finished courses with certificates concerning anti-bullying strategy.

What is bullying
(Definition)
By Dan  Olweus, the definition of bullying is that when a person is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons, and he or she could hardly defending himself or herself, then the person is bullied. For school bullying, it refers to the bullying cases happened in a diversified school environment among the students with different background, character, personality, behaviour, etc. There are different types of bullying; verbal bullying , bullying through social exclusion or isolation, physical bullying, bullying through lies and false rumors, having money or other things taken or damaged by students who bully, being threatened or being forced to do things by students who bully, racial bullying, sexual bullying and cyber bullying.

Students who bully others should be paid extra attention to their actions, they are likely to access to regular fights, attempt to property theft, abuse alcohol and tobacco, report poor performance, have a perception of negative climate in schools. On the other hand, students who are bullied have a long term effects such as depression, health problems, low grades, low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts etc. Furthermore, there is a number of possible signs and symptoms to manifest a student is being bullied. For example, students come home with clothes torn or books damaged, becomes aggressive, disruptive or unreasonable, is afraid to use the internet or mobile phone etc. Moreover, bullying issues within schools could affect the entire school climate, students have difficulty in learning, do not like schools, believe that teachers and staff cannot control, do not care about them. In other words, the schools become an environment for the development of fear and lack of respect.

Recent Bullying in Hong Kong

Recent years in Hong Kong, say since 2000, no one can deny that schools have put a lot of emphasis on academic achievement and overlooked moral education. Thus, young people manage their emotions with lack of problem-solving and conflict resolution skills. Moreover, with education reform in recent years, teachers are busy on teaching stuff, so they spend no time with students on counselling. When students who bully others, they are regarded as playing...
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