Respiratory System

Topics: Respiratory system, Asthma, Pneumothorax Pages: 4 (594 words) Published: August 5, 2014
Respiratory System
Terminology

adenoid/o
adenoids
Adenoidectomy
adenoid hypertrophy
alveol/o
alveolus, air sac
alveolar
bronch/o bronchi/o
bronchial tube,
bronchus
Bronchospasm: This tightening of the bronchus is a chief characteristic of asthma and bronchitis
Bronchiectasis: Caused by weakening of the bronchial wall from infection. Bronchodilator: This drug causes dilation, or enlargement, of the opening of a bronchus to improve ventilation to the lungs. An example is

albuterol, delivered via an inhaler.
Bronchopleural: A bronchopleural fistula is an abnormal connection between the bronchial tube and the pleural cavity (space). Occurring as a result of lung disease or surgical complication, this can cause an air leak into the pleural space.

bronchiol/o
bronchiole, small
bronchus
Bronchiolitis: This is an acute viral infection occurring in infants younger than 18 months of age
capn/o
carbon dioxide
hypercapnia
coni/o
dust
pneumoconiosis
cyan/o
blue
Cyanosis: Caused by deficient oxygen in the blood.
epiglott/o
Epiglottis
Epiglottitis: Characterized by fever, sore throat, and an erythematous, swollen epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx, voice box
Laryngeal
Laryngospasm: Spasm of laryngeal muscles that closes the larynx Laryngitis
lob/o
lobe of the lung
lobectomy

mediastin/o

Mediastinum

Mediastinoscopy: An endoscope is inserted through an incision in the chest. nas/o
Nose
Paranasal sinuses : Para- means near in this term.
nasogastric intubation
orth/o
straight, upright
Orthopnea : An abnormal condition in which breathing (-pnea) is easier in the Upright position. A major cause of orthopnea is congestive heart Failure (the lungs fill with fluid when the patient is lying flat). Physicians assess the degree of orthopnea by the number of

pillows a patient requires to sleep comfortably (e.g., two-pillow Orthopnea).
ox/o
Oxygen
Hypoxia : Tissues have a decreased amount of oxygen, and cyanosis can result.
pector/o...
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