Respiratory Diseases

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INTRODUCTION
Respiration is the process of taking in and using oxygen.  Diseases are any harmful change that interferes with the normal appearance, structure, or function of the body or any of its parts (Crisp & Taylor 2009).

The content of this topic will outline important issues that concern oxygen and respiratory disease. Respiratory disease is the term used for defining diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema and asthma. Common signs and symptoms of respiratory disease are coughing, wheezing, dyspnoea and production of abnormal secretions like sputum and haemoptysis (Jenkins et al 2008).

Respiratory disease accounted for 8.4% of the registered deaths in Australia in 2007. There was an estimated 6.6% increase in deaths caused by respiratory disease from 2006. For that reason it is fairly important to have knowledge concerning people’s respiratory system and how to prevent related diseases (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2007). In relation to nursing, it is important to monitor and record a full set of vital signs to be able to get the accurate results in order to prevent respiratory diseases. However, the implementation of this simple disease prevention method has been neglected in Hospitals around Australia and is thus the major cause of the rise in registered deaths in Australia due to respiratory diseases. The importance of this disease prevention method mentioned above will be discussed below in more detail due to it’s importance to the reduction of the death rate in Australia and the prevention of avoidable deaths.

RESPIRATORY RATE: THE NEGLECTED VITAL SIGN
This article targets nurses with the intention of letting them know that respiratory rate is important and is considered a standard for observing and monitoring the patients on acute hospital wards, particularly with patients who have a respiratory condition. It outlines that the level of documentation of respiratory rate of the patients in many hospitals is extremely poor. This is a research article that believes that respiratory rate is an indicator of serious illness. One point of view that this article is stating is that nurses and doctors need to be more aware of the importance of an abnormal respiratory rate as a maker of a serious illness. It’s research findings states that “an adult that has the respiratory rate of over 24beats/minute is likely to be critically ill” (Cretikos et al 2008).

This article has presented a good point outlining the importance of the respiratory rate in recording a full set of vital signs. This article is easy to read and understand its point of view from the definition of respiration rate to the solutions and recommendations on how it will systematically improve the frequency of improving the respiratory rate. However, having said all the strength of the article, it is too short that it could have had more information about statistical findings on death rate of people caused by respiratory disease.

In summary, respiratory rate is important to monitor the full set of vital signs as it helps nurses to provide more quality care for the patient. The health care system needs to improve its knowledge about the purpose of respiratory rate and pulse oximetry in regards to the early indication of serious respiratory illness in patients in acute wards.

Article 2
This article is a qualitative research article as it discusses in depth the administration and the complications with the delivery of oxygen therapy to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The article however does not present statistical findings, which is seen as a weakness of this article in relation to the other articles presented in this analysis. The intention of the article is to bring awareness to nurses of the safe application of oxygen therapy. The target readers of this article are nurses in order to help increase awareness and knowledge of the proper application of oxygen therapy to...
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