A TEXT AND ANTHOLOGY
Laurie G. Kirszner Stephen R. Mandell
Courtney Novosat Jeffrey Ousborne Cara Snider
Boston o New York
Copyright © 2011 by Bedford/St. Martin’s All rights reserved. Instructors who have adopted Practical Argument as a textbook for a course are authorized to duplicate portions of this manual for their students. Manufactured in the United States of America. 5 4 3 2 1 0 f e d c b a For information, write: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 75 Arlington Street, Boston, MA 02116 (617-399-4000) ISBN-10: 0-312-61310-5 ISBN-13: 978-0-312-61310-5
As the title suggests, Practical Argument strives to make the methodologies and nuances of argumentation practical by helping students to realize that arguments are, indeed, everywhere. Accordingly, the introductory chapter focuses on reframing students’ understanding of arguments as fights or quarrels; in addition, by focusing on common examples that students encounter in everyday life, the introductory chapter allays the trepidation many feel when confronted with formal argument. More than most texts, Practical Argument focuses on demystifying argumentation by offering common and practical explanations and examples in each chapter. And, recognizing the demands of teaching, here in this manual, we distill the key ideas of each section and essay, suggest additional teaching ideas or resources, help to negotiate some of the common problems students encounter with the material, and provide responses for each exercise. In short, we’ve striven to make Practical Argument not only practical for students but practical for instructors. The manual for Practical Argument mirrors the pattern of the text. For example, as the text’s introduction is divided into seven sections, so is the manual’s coverage of it. As we have done for the introduction, for each chapter of the text the instructor’s manual offers a comprehensive guide to ensure that you will find assistance and support for each page of the text.
Preface iii Model Syllabi xiv Full-Semester Syllabus xiv Quarter-System Syllabus xviii PART 1 UNDERSTANDING ARGUMENT 1 INTRODUCTION UNDERSTANDING ARGUMENT 3 Encountering Arguments 3 Defining Argument 3 Logos, Pathos, and Ethos 4 CHAPTER 1 THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT 5 The Pillars of Argument 5 Nia Tuckson, Why Foreign Language Study Should Be Required [STUDENT ESSAY] 6 Exercise 1.1 6 Arnold Schwarzenneger, An Immigrant Writes 6 READING AND WRITING ABOUT THE ISSUE Do the Benefits of Bottled Water Outweigh the Costs? 7 New York Times, In Praise of Tap Water 8 Zak Moore, Defying the Nalgene 9 Tom Standage, Bad to the Last Drop 10 PolandSpring.com, Poland Spring Water [ADVERTISEMENT] 12 PureWater2GO.com, Pure Water 2GO [ADVERTISEMENT] 12 Exercise 1.2 12 Exercise 1.4 13 Exercise 1.3 12 Exercise 1.5 13 PART 2 READING AND RESPONDING TO ARGUMENTS 15 CHAPTER 2 THINKING AND READING CRITICALLY 17 Reading Critically; Becoming an Active Reader 17 Exercise 2.1 18 Gerard Jones, Violent Media Is Good for Kids 18 Highlighting 19 Exercise 2.2 19 Exercise 2.3 19 Annotating 19 Exercise 2.4 19 Exercise 2.5 20 Exercise 2.6 20 Newspaper Opinion Pieces 20 Exercise 2.7 20 Writing a Critical Response 21 Katherine Choi, Response to “When Life Imitates Video” [STUDENT RESPONSE] 22 Exercise 2.8 22 Exercise 2.9 23
CHAPTER 3 DECODING VISUAL ARGUMENTS 24 Thinking Critically about Visual Arguments 24 Using Active Reading Strategies with Visual Arguments 24 United States Department of Justice, Crime Victims per 1,000 Citizens [CHART] 25 Exercise 3.1 25 Highlighting and Annotating Visuals 26 Exercise 3.2 27 Exercise 3.3 27 Exercise 3.4 27 Responding Critically to Visual Arguments 27 Exercise 3.5 28 Exercise 3.6 28 CHAPTER 4 WRITING A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS 29 What Is a Rhetorical Analysis? 29 Considering the Rhetorical Situation 29 Considering the Means of Persuasion: Logos, Pathos, Ethos 30...