Resolving Moral Conflicts

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Resolving Moral
Conflicts

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Questions



How do we resolve tensions rationally?

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Conflict


Conflict is a state of opposition,
disagreement or incompatibility between
two or more people or groups of people,
which is sometimes characterized by
physical violence.

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Types of Conflict
1.

2.

Conflicts may be caused by opposing
values on rights, justice, freedom, culture,
etc.
Conflicts may arise between one person
with another, between two groups or other
combinations.

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Reasons for Conflicts
Social Dilemma
 Many factors threaten the future of
mankind, such as nuclear weapons, the
greenhouse effect, pollution, population
explosion and the depletion of natural
resources.

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A. Social Dilemma


These problems have arisen because
various people pursue their own interests
and ignore the welfare of others.

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Example


Every factory owner (whose factory
contributes to pollution) thinks that it is
expensive to install pollution control
equipment; and that in any case his factory
does not cause much pollution.

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Example


Consequently, pollution goes unchecked
and becomes widespread; and a decision
or choice which benefits individual factoryowners becomes collectively a burden to society.

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Social Dilemma


1.
2.

To study this dilemma, social
psychologists have used mind games to
expose this social conflict.
The Prisoner’s Dilemma (pg.119)
The Tragedy of the Commons (pg 119)

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B. Conflicts Between Groups


Conflict between groups occurs at all levels
of social organizations.



The following are some examples of
conflict between groups:

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Example
1.

2.

Two groups in a city fight each other using
dangerous weapons to chase the other
from a public park.
Following the establishment of the state of
Israel, the Jews have been regarded as a
race of people who hate the Arabs, and
similarly the Arabs have been considered
as people who hate the Jews.

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Conflict between groups


Conflict between groups is a phenomenon
that social scientists find difficult to study,
although there is an obvious need to foster
better mutual understanding and unity of
purpose among mankind.

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B (1) Competition



Conflict occurs when there is competition
over limited resources.
i.e. material wealth, natural resources,
energy are limited for everyone to own.

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Competition


Conflict resulting from competition over
valuable and limited resources has to cited
as class struggle, revolt, racial unrest and
war between nations.

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Conflicts Between Groups



B (2) Social Categorization
B (3) Inter group Aggression

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Strategies in Resolving Conflicts

1.
2.
3.
4.

In daily life, we often observe irrational
responses to conflicts. These include:
ignoring the conflict altogether
using dishonest, underhand means like
offering/soliciting bribes
becoming persuasive and emotional
resorting to aggression

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Models of Resolving Conflicts



Value Analysis Strategy
This strategy has two approaches, the
Fraenkel Approach and the Coomb
Approach.

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The Fraenkel Approach


Step 1: Conflict

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What is the dilemma?
(Social, personal,
interpersonal, inter
group)

The Fraenkel Approach
Step 2: Choice if Action

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What are alternative
actions that can be
taken to resolve the
conflict?...
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