In pursuit of attaining Primary Education for All by 2015, the Government introduced Primary Education (PE) in January 2003. The programme is prioritized in the Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP I&II), 2005-2010 and 2010-2015 through which the government and development partners, principally the Joint Financing Agreement partners ‘operationalize’ the sector budget. Further, Sessional Paper No 1 of 2005 on Policy for Education. Training and Research regards the implementation of primary education as the perfect vehicle for attainment of Primary Education. Primary education covers eight years and admits children aged between six and 13 years. At the end of Grade Eight pupils sit the Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE), which determines those proceeding to secondary level or to vocational training. The major milestone in primary education was abolition of fees in 2003 and subsequent introduction of free primary education, which increased the number of children enrolled in schools from 5.9 million in 2002 to 7.6 million in 2006 and 8.6 million in 2008 Measures to improve primary education in Kenya
Government’s commitment to provide education is reflected in relatively large, consistent resource allocations to the sector (MDG Status Report for Kenya, 2007). Recurrent and development expenditure to education ranged between 23.7% and 29.7% over the period 2003-07.
In addition, a significant proportion of devolved funds such as the Constituency Development Fund (CDF) and Local Authority Transfer Fund (LATIF) have been supporting education-related activities.
Implementation of the school feeding programme, targeting mainly children in poor regions and especially in arid and semi arid lands, this programme has contributed to the success of primary education in Kenya.
Expansion of school infrastructure through construction of new primary schools and rehabilitation of existing ones, as well as purchase and...