Research, Statistics and Psychology Paper

Topics: Scientific method, Statistics, Research Pages: 2 (776 words) Published: October 9, 2009
Research is the exploration of a hypothesis or question using a systematic method to discover an answer. The key to the concept of research as opposed to simply guessing at answers is the systematic approach it employs. This systematic approach is commonly referred to as the Scientific Method. Without the Scientific Method research would loose its validity because there would be no controls in place to make sure you are measuring or evaluating what you actually set out to find. The scientific method usually begins with some background research, an idea, and a question. From here a Hypothesis the first official step of the method can be made. A hypothesis is an educated guess as to what you think will occur based on the background learning you have done. Whether or not a hypothesis turns out to be true or a null-hypothesis is not known until the rest of the Scientific Method is applied. The next step is to list all of the Apparatus that you will be using to carry out your research. This is important once again for the validity and reliability of the research. Without using the exact same apparatus research can never be accurately duplicated. Following right after the Apparatus is the very important step called Method. It is in this section that you will list the exact steps followed in your research design from start to finish. The Method is always written in the past tense, in other words it is referencing steps you have already done. In a sense the Method is like a recipe laid out for another scientist or researcher to follow in order to recreate the findings of your researcher. Method will include the listing of statistical design you are using to analyze your data, but Method is not the section in which you list your findings. Your research data and findings are listed under the heading of Results. Results are the gathering and listing of all of your research findings relating to your hypothesis. This may include raw data, graphs, charts, equations,...
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