Research Report

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AN ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE PEDAGOGICAL INTEGRATION OF ICT IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA.

BY

BILHAN KIPKIRUI

A RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI.

2011.
DECLARATION

This research project report is my original work and has not been presented for academic purposes in the University of Nairobi or any other University.

Sign………………………………………………….Date…………………………

Kirui Nicholas Kipkoech
L50/70140/2007

This project report has been submitted with our approval as university supervisors

Signed……………………………………………..Date…………………………… Dr. Christopher Gakuu
Senior Lecturer, Department of Extra Mural Studies,
University of Nairobi.

Signed……………………………………………..Date………………................... Dr. Harriet Kidombo
Senior Lecturer, Department of Educational Studies,
University of Nairobi.

DEDICATION

This research project is dedicated to my parents Kipkirui Arap Chepkwony and Tapsabei Chepkwony for their prayers and support, my brothers Alexander, Joseph, Philip, Alfred, Charles, David, Julius, Edwin, Bernard and all my siblings for giving me a chance to be a role model and for inspiring me towards further studies.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I thank my supervisors Dr. Harriet Kidombo and Dr. Christopher Gakuu for being there for me whenever I requested for clarifications and for their wise counsel. I am also indebted to Prof. Maitho, Prof. Prokariyal, Prof. Macharia and Ms Patricia Muchiri for guiding me in correcting my proposal and towards completing my research project.

I cannot forget to thank my colleagues Eddah Biegon and Walter Koech for enabling me to access research materials. I am also grateful to my wife Nelly Cheptoo, Clement Lelei, Justus Sang, Simon Ouko, Janet Mutai and Ken Mutai for their crucial support towards completing my research.

Special thanks to all the staff of Extra Mural department and School of Continuing and Distance Education for giving me the opportunity to pursue the Masters program. Last but not least, I deeply appreciate my colleagues and group members at the university; Rebecca Wainaina and Sheila Kituyi for their support and cooperation throughout the course.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page DECLARATIONii
DEDICATIONiii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSiv
TABLE OF CONTENTSv
LIST OF TABLESviii
LIST OF FIGURESix
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMSx
ABSTRACT1
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION2
1.1 Background to the study2
1.2 Statement of the problem.5
1.3 Purpose of the study6
1.4 Research objectives6
1.5 Research Questions6
1.6 Significance of the study6
1.7 Delimitation of the study7
1.8 Limitations of the study7
1.9 Assumptions of the study7
1.10 The scope of the study8
1.11 Definitions of significant terms8
1.12 Summary9
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW10
2.1 Introduction10
2.2 Global ICT integration.12
2.3 ICT in Africa’s Education13
2.4 ICT integration in Kenya Education15
2.5 Effect of face book on academic performance.19
2.6 Factors affect teachers when Using ICT in their Classroom19 2.7 Factors contributing to using ICT in the classroom22
2.8 Conceptual framework25
2.9 Summary27
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY28
3.1 Introduction28
3.2 Research Design28
3.3 Target population29
3.4 Sample size and Sampling procedure29
3.5 Data Instruments31
3.6 Instrument Validation31
3.7 Instrument Reliability32
3.8 Data Collection Procedures32
3.9 Data Analysis33
3.10 Measurement of Variables33
3.11 Summary of Chapter Three36
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION37 4.1 Introduction37
4.2 Response rate37
4.3 Descriptive characteristics of the respondents37
4.4 Factors influencing the pedagogical integration of ICT in schools38 4.5 Extent of ICT integration in...
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