Assessing Food Insecurity (Food-Access Inequality):In Southeast San Diego Households
Although an estimated 85.5% of American households were considered food secure in 2010,about 48.8 million people weren’t (Andrews et al.). These households struggled with being ableto access proper and enough food for the members of their home to have healthy growth anddevelopment. In the proposed study, I seek to assess the degree to which households in SoutheastSan Diego are food secure by measuring their level of access to healthy foods. Results will placehouseholds on a continuum developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)to have high, marginal, low, or very low food security compiled by the USDA EconomicResearch Service and listed in Appendix A. The access to food I will be focusing on is theproximity to sufficient grocery stores. I will be assessing the sufficiency of grocery stores inproviding healthy food options, the availability of supermarkets, and geographical limitations toaccessing these goods (such as transportation). By using research tools of surveys, interviews,online databases, and mapping, I will be able to assessa household’s accessto healthy foods anddetermine the number of households and members in these households who have low access tohealthy foods. The household interview in Appendix B will be analyzed to find trends of needsand suggestions for ways to improve the community. The survey of grocery stores in AppendixC will be analyzed independently to find possible trends of the availability and unavailability of certain food products. By also assessing the general racial/ethnic demographics of Southeast SanDiego, I will be able to study how the degree of food access may disproportionately affect peopleof color. A second part to this research must be conducted to study the affordability of thehealthy foods that these communities can access, with respect to race/ethnicity. A third part tothe research must study the health consequences of the disparity of food access and affordability,with respect to race/ethnicity. The fourth part to this research project must be conducted to catersolutions to the problems of food access, affordability, and health disparities discovered inSoutheast San Diego communities, with respect to race/ethnicity.
II.Introduction to Problem
Background of the Southeast San Diego Region
Southeast San Diego is a 21.2 square mile area in the city of San Diego that is highly urbanizedfrom the core to the west and hilly from the core to theeast. Official use of “Southeast San Diego” has beenabandoned by the City Council since 1992 due to thename’scultural association of being a crime-riddenand disadvantaged area. However, the referencecontinues among locals and residents and for thisreason is being used for this proposal. Southeast SanDiego is represented by the communities east of downtown, south of Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway,west of California Route 125, east of Interstate 5, andnorth of California Route 54, surrounding thecommunities by freeways. The communities in theSan Diego Central Neighborhood include Barrio Logan, Grant Hill, Logan Heights, Memorial,Sherman Heights, and Stockton. The San Diego Southeastern Neighborhoods consist of AltaVista, Bay Terraces, Broadway Heights, Chollas View, Emerald Hills, Encanto, Jamacha, Lincoln Park, Lomita Village, Mount Hope, Mountain View, O’Farrell, Paradise Hills, Shelltown, Skyline Hills, Southcrest, and Valencia Park. Figure 1shows a map of theboundaries of the Southeast San Diego neighborhoods.
Race/Ethnicity and Class
The main racial/ethnic groups living in this area consist of Latin@s/Hispanics, African-Americans, and Filipinos where the overall population is more than 195,000 people. Thesecommunities are categorized by rich ethnic histories ranging from...