Jose M. Peralta
American Military University
Inscribed on a bronze plaque of the Statue of Liberty is the poem The New Colossus by Ezra Lazarus. In the poem the poet states “…Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to be free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed me; I lift my lamp beside the golden door!” (Lazarus, n.d.) But since the events of September 11, 2001, immigration reform has stood in the forefront of United States political and social topics. As the federal government, state governments and Hispanic advocacy groups for and against illegal immigrants battle over immigration reform, illegal immigrants, specifically Hispanics in this study, are entering the US through unsecured borders. Many come with good intentions, but the ones that come and do harm and injustice are giving all illegal immigrants a bad name. Murderers, drug pushers, and possibly terrorists may have crossed the borders unknown to those who are there to protect the country. Reinforcing the borders, establishing clear immigration and deportation policies and doing something with those who are already illegally here but are law abiding citizens is the aim for the new immigration policy. Eric Garland (2007) stated “The United States, as a cultural laboratory, could lead the world in learning to manage immigration and meet the challenge of integrating many nationalities.” Instead of bickering on what should be done, congressional and senate leaders need to get the job done and come up with a comprehensive, flexible and workable reform to immigration. Statement of the Problem
On September 11, 2001, the world watched in horror as the United States of America was attacked by Al Qaeda and the World Trade Center in New York City fell to the ground. This day lives in infamy for the savagery of the attacks on innocent citizens, but it also raised a furious debate on why these men, immigrants, were allowed to enter the country practically unnoticed. It opened new proposals and changes to how the US government allows immigrants enter the country. It also brought new ways on combating against illegal immigration. The group greatly affected by these changes is the Hispanic migrating from South America and Caribbean countries. This group is paying the price of enforcement because of what happened in New York. Fear by the US government of terrorists entering the country through the Mexican-American border has heightened security and drawn militia and vigilantes to patrol the border and deter illegally entering immigrants. Businesses and farms have been hiring an illegal immigrant, which is illegal in accordance with IRCA of 1986, and pay them far below the regular employee’s wage. Farms in particular hire migrant workers. These migrant workers fill farm worker seasonal jobs. Approximately half of the migrant farm workers are illegal immigrants trying to gain some money for their families in their homelands. These illegal immigrants earn less than most other wage/salary earning farm workers and face demanding work conditions. (Kandel, 2008) Purpose of the study
The purpose of the study is to show the negative effects of the IRCA and how the events of 9/11 have gradually made life for illegal Hispanic immigrants harsher than usual. As congressional and senate leaders debate about the impact (negative and positive) that illegal immigrants have on this nation, they procrastinate what inevitably must be done, a clear, concise and effective immigration policy. The policy should not only affects future immigrants trying to enter the country but those already in the country abiding the laws and being proactive positive contributors to their communities. Research Questions
The use of both these methods and mixing of information will allow for a much more concise report with all aspects of the questions being...