Research Proposal

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  • Topic: Bile acid, Saponin, Ficus
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  • Published : January 12, 2013
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RESEARCH PROPOSAL

PROJECT TITLE: FICUS PSEUDOPALMA FRUIT EXTRACT AS COCKROACH KILLER

PROPONENTS: LIRA MAE MENDOZA
LIEZLE JOY LLORERA
RIZZA MAE BURAC

INTRODUCTION:
Ficus pseudopalma is a species of fig known by the common names Philippine fig, Dracaena fig, and Palm-leaf fig. in nature it is endemic to the Philippines, especially the island of Luzon. It is known elsewhere as an ornamental plant.

It belongs to the family Moraceae. The species name, pseudopalma, refers to the similar appearance of this species to a small palm tree. It is also cultivated in Hawai.

It is described as an erect shrub, glabrous, unbranched; leaves subsessile, crowded at tips of branches and giving appearance of a small palm, blades oblanceolate, to 30 in long, nearly cordate, acute to acuminate, coarsely sinuate-toothed, stipules persistent, lanceolate, 2-3 in long; figs paired, ovoid, dark green, to 1 1/2 in long, short-peduncled.

This species is planted for its unique form and gives the appearance of a small palm. It is occasionally planted in Hawai'i and is only known from a few cultivated sites on Maui. It is not known to be invasive. F. pseudopalma is cultivated in various tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world.

HYPOTHESIS:If Ficus Pseudopalma fruit contains saponin, then it can kill cold-blooded organisms like the cockroach.

PROBLEM:How will cockroaches react when Ficus Psedopalma fruit extract is applied on it?

SUB-PROBLEMS:
1) How fast can Ficus Pseudopalma extract kill cockroaches compared to other branded products? 2) How sufficient will it be for the use of humans?
3) In what kind of conditions will it be useful?
OBJECTIVES:
This research aims to:
1) produce a cheaper yet effective cockroach killer
2) compare the use of a chemical product to a natural one 3) Use a main natural ingredient in a cockroach killer.

SIGNIFICANCE:
Like most countries nowadays, the Philippines are developing populations of cockroaches due to different conditions and effects in the country. The use of chemical products only adds up to the pollution we are experiencing. There is, therefore a compelling need to look for natural ingredients in pesticides that will be effective in decreasing the population of pests especially cockroaches.

Ficus Pseudopalma or lubi-lubi is an endemic plant of the Philippines. It naturally grows in any area. It is also located in most parts of the Philippines specifically in the Bicol region. Based on our readings, it contains a substance called saponin. Saponins are basically phyto-chemicals which are found in most of the vegetables that indicate foaming properties. It is also a toxic material that can kill cold-blooded organisms. We decided to use the fruit of this plant because it is produced in large numbers so we will have enough ingredients in our product. But we will only use the unripe fruit because a scientist has mentioned that as the fruit matures, it gradually decreases in toxicity until when ripe, it contains no more.

We expect this research to be a success so that we can help decrease the number of cockroaches in the country. And so that we can lower the chances of pollution by using this natural ingredient in the experiment.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
Our hunting of problems took days to finish (or even get started). We have been brainstorming, asking the elder ones, our friends and even ourselves. We have shared ideas and information about many things such as making glue, soap, a gadget and finally decided to make a pesticide which gave us confusion. Of all the plants in the world we’ve talked about every day, starting from cassava, guava, oregano and tuba-tuba, we arrived at this strange-looking plant we always see from school until our houses- the lubi-lubi. By asking the elder ones and surfing the internet, we also found plants that we could choose to work with. And by gathering data about...
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