DEVELOPMENT: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
* Research paper : “Inequities in Women Health and Health Problems Among The Adolescent Girls” Mrs.Reshma, M.A., LLB, M.Phil (Research Scholar) Asst.Professor, Dept. of SOCIOLOGY, Government First Grade Collage, Tarikere, Chikmagaluru District. Mob: no: 9448948451 * Introduction: -
You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women. - Jawaharlal Nehru
However much a mother may love her children, it is all but impossible for her to provide high-quality child care if she herself is poor and oppressed, illiterate and uninformed, anemic and unhealthy, has five or six other children, lives in a slum or shanty, has neither clean water nor safe sanitation, and if she is without the necessary support either from health services, or from her society, or from the father of her children. - Vulimiri Ramalingaswami, "The Asian Enigma"
Nature created woman different from men with a definite purpose. Balance is stillness and stagnation; imbalance is motion and progress. Nature designed life and action by means of the imbalance brought about in the traits of men and women. In the process, women find themselves at the receiving end. They ended up as the weaker half of society by their very nature and are naturally handicapped in a world of men, by men, for men. Women's health issues have attained higher international visibility and renewed political commitment in recent decades. While targeted policies and programs have enabled women to lead healthier lives, significant gender-based health disparities remain in many countries. With limited access to education or employment, high illiteracy rates and increasing poverty levels are making health improvements for women exceedingly difficult.“Women’s health is her total well-being, not determined solely by biological factors and reproduction, but also by effects of work load, nutrition, stress, war and migration, among others”. Since the last few decade women’s health has been receiving special attention the world over. Women in India especially those in rural areas bearing double burden on their shoulders, have never publicly voiced their concern over health needs. Even in urban areas where infrastructures and physical access to public health services is relatively far better, women get a raw deal. Even women’s general health needs do not get the necessary attention. Many studies have indicated that women carry a high burden of chronic ailments in the absence of care or total neglect of illnesses. This situation is mainly due to women’s health needs getting the least priority in the family. Gender bias in nutrition and health care in childhood, early marriage and conception, lack of voluntary check on family size and poor state of pre-natal and maternal health care services only intensify women’s health problems. The negative effect of poverty is even more acute because of the existing gender bias against women. Poverty also leads to the belief that more mouths to feed also mean twice the number of hands to work. Thus due to poverty, illiteracy and lack of awareness, children are considered as economic assets this, is in turn results in the worsening health conditions of women.
In this paper, an attempt would be made to discuss the gender inequality and women’s health in India in general and the adolescent health of the selected students of Tarikere taluk in chickmagaluru district of Karnataka State in particular along with the socio-economic, cultural factors affecting the women’s health through empirical research.
For the convenience of the study Women Health have been divided in to three categories : * Adolescent Health,
* Pregnancy Health and
* Reproductive Health
The specific objectives of the study is to understand and analyze the health condition and discrimination of health during the adolescent period where in it will be considered as the...