England sports a colourful history packed with spicy stories. Romans marched around the country, conquering and setting up cities, roads and spas. Next up, Norman leader William the Conqueror battled at Hastings, before taking over the country. The Normans carried out a huge census of England, documented in the Domesday Book, an incredible historical object, full of useful information about life in 11th-century England. A later line of monarchs, the Tudors, also had an enormous impact. King Henry VIII broke away from Catholicism and created the Church of England, so he could get a divorce, and marry again. This decision had huge implications for the future of England. The country was passed between the Catholics and Protestants, as following monarchs tried to undo and then strengthen Henry's decision. One of the longest reigning monarchs, Queen Victoria, was at the helm for nearly a century, when England held its strongest position, with an economic system based around a global empire. The millions of deaths in World War I (1914-18) are memorialised in hundreds of statues decorated with poppies on November 11 every year. World War II (1939-45) brought many women into the workforce for the first time, while men were away fighting at the front. Post-war Labour leader Clement Atlee introduced social change that was to bring free healthcare, better housing and more access to education for future generations. In the swinging 1960s London led the world in music, fashion and culture as Twiggy, The Beatles and the Rolling Stones took the world by storm. Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was the icon of the 1980s, while Tony Blair’s new Labour took charge in the late 1990s. Blair agreed British support for a US-led war with Iraq, while terrorist bombs hit London on July 7th 2007, killing 53, and bringing the capital to a standstill. .
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