Research Paper on Atlantis

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  • Topic: Atlantis, Plato, Europe
  • Pages : 7 (2680 words )
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  • Published : January 14, 2011
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Atlantis is the subject of a legend about an advanced island civilization that was destroyed or lost. Stories about Atlantis are first mentioned in Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias, in which characters say it was destroyed by an earthquake or a tsunami about 9,000 years before the time in which Plato wrote. The story claims Atlantis was somewhere outside the Pillars of Hercules. According to Plato, the story originated with Ancient Egyptian priests. Some people believe that the stories are fictions made up to serve the purposes of Plato's dialogs. But others take them as if they were serious historical accounts. There have been dozens — perhaps hundreds — of locations proposed for the classical Atlantis. Some are more-or-less serious attempts at legitimate scholarly or archaeological works; others have been made by psychic or other pseudoscientific means. As continental drift became better understood and accepted during the 1950s, most "Lost Continent" theories of Atlantis have been proven conclusively false. Some cultures have "lost civilization" myths. In some cases, it has been argued that there is a common historical event or real "lost civilization" at the root of some or all of these legends, but there is considerable disagreement between the competing hypotheses. It may be that these legends have arisen from many different historical events, and are only just now being associated by modern theorizers because of their similarity. It may also be that these legends are entirely fictional, but for some reason have arisen and remained popular in many different cultures at different times.

I. Definiton
II. Historical Background
A. Plato’s Account
B. Ignatius Donnelly
C. Paul Schliemann
III. EARLY CIVILIZATION
IV. COMMON EUROPEAN LANGUAGE
V. THE CIVILIZATION OF ATLANTIS
VI. FLOOD AND FINAL DESTRUCTION
VII. PLATO'S ATLANTIS
VIII. TODAY'S ATLANTEANS

1.WHERE WAS THE LOST ISLAND OF ATLANTIS LOCATED?
2. ARE THERE OTHER PLACES IN THE WORLD THAT MET THE SAME FATE AS ATLANTIS? 3. WHAT RELIGION DID THE ATLANTEANS PRACTICE AND WHAT LANGUAGE DID THEY SPEAK? 4. WHAT KIND AND WHAT RACE OF PEOPLE WERE THE ATLANTEANS?

5. ARE THERE ANY DESCENDANTS OF THE LEGENDARY ATLANTEANS TODAY? 6. WHEN DID ATLANTIS VANISH?
7. WHAT WAS THE LEVEL OF ATLANTEAN TECHNOLOGY?
8. WHAT CAN THE PRESENT DAY EUROPEAN LANGUAGES TELL US ABOUT ATLANTIS?

E. EARLY CIVILIZATION.
THOUSANDS OF YEARS WENT BY AFTER THE LAST ICE AGE REACHED ITS MAXIMUM. THOUSANDS OF YEARS ALSO WENT BY AFTER THE DUST HAD SETTLED IN SOUTHERN EUROPE WHEN A NEW AMALGAMATED SOCIETY EMERGED. THIS DYNAMIC SOCIETY WAS NOT ONLY WELL VERSED IN AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, BUT ALSO WAS AT THE THRESHOLD OF ADVANCEMENT IN SPOKEN AND WRITTEN LANGUAGE, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. THESE PEOPLE WERE WORK-MOTIVATED , EAGER TO ADAPT, INVENT AND APPLY THEIR ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE. THEY WERE INFLUENCED SOMEWHAT BY THE CLIMATE OF THE TIME WHICH WAS A LITTLE COOLER, RAINIER AND MORE HUMID IN THE SUMMER. THESE PEOPLE WERE SPREAD ALONG SOUTHERN EUROPE FROM THE IBERIAN PENINSULA TO ASIA MINOR, HAVING THEIR HUB IN THE AEGEAN REGION. THE LAND IN THE AEGEAN WAS FERTILE, GOOD FOR AGRICULTURE, AND ABLE TO SUPPORT A LARGE NUMBER OF INHABITANTS (AS "PLATO" IN CRITIAS INDICATES). THE MORE INHABITANTS AN AREA IS ABLE TO SUPPORT, THE MORE SPECIALIZED PROFESSIONS PEOPLE WILL ACQUIRE, THUS FORMING AN ADVANCED SOCIETY, WHICH IN TURN NEEDS A MORE SOPHISTICATED FORM OF COMMUNICATION, LAWS AND GOVERNMENT. F. COMMON EUROPEAN LANGUAGE.

AS WAS MENTIONED BEFORE, THE PROTO-EUROPEANS SPOKE A LIMITED FORM OF A COMMON LANGUAGE DUE TO THEIR GROUP INTERACTIONS. AS THEY SETTLED DOWN, THIS PROTO-LANGUAGE ADVANCED RAPIDLY IN THE SPOKEN AND THEN IN THE WRITTEN WORD IN ORDER TO FULFILL THEIR COMMUNICATION NEEDS. HOW MUCH TIME ELAPSED IS HARD TO ESTIMATE WHEN A COMPLEX EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION OF HIGH ORDER EMERGED TOGETHER WITH AN ADVANCED EUROPEAN LANGUAGE IN THE LEGENDARY "KINGDOM OF ATLANTIS". SINCE WE PRESENTLY...
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