Food portion sizes have dramatically changed over the last twenty years and in correlation so have the obesity rates in the United States. Obesity rates have increased for all population groups over the last few decades. According to The National Control of Health Statistics (2008), since 1988 the United States obesity rates have increased for men and women a combined total of 16.8 percent. The focus of this research proposal is on food portion sizes and social networks. I chose to focus specifically on myself while monitoring and charting my food intake while I am surrounded by my social network and while I am not. This proposal will review an organization that is dedicated to working with the obese population, discuss the problem of obesity, review three professional literatures that explain what is known about obesity, review the methods that were used, and the limitations of the research.
Obesity is a rising health issue that is facing millions of American’s across the United States. As obesity rates have risen, so has the need for policies, programs, and organizations that work to prevent obesity in adults and in children. “Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) is a non-profit, non-partisan Washington D.C. based health policy organization that is dedicated to saving lives by protecting the health of every community and making disease prevention a national priority” (Kohn, Laurent, Levi, & Segal, 2011). TFAH was founded by the Benjamin Spencer Fund over 35 years ago and has brought experience, commitment, and a rigorous, balanced approach to the problems that affect the health and health care of those it serves.
In August 2006 TFAH composed the first F as in Fat report by Kohn et al. in hopes to raise awareness, drive actions, identify solutions, and reverse the epidemic of obesity with statewide ranks. The F as in Fat report tracks trends in obesity rates and policies aimed at addressing this epidemic. In this report Kohn et al. (2011), identifies six policy priorities that are grounded in scientific research and highly likely to affect obesity prevalence. These six priorities include 1)ensuring that all food and beverages sold in schools meet or exceed the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2)increasing access to high quality, affordable foods through new or improved grocery stores and healthier corner stores and bodegas, 3)increasing the time, density, and duration of physical activity during the school day and in out-of-school programs, 4)increasing physical activity by increasing the built environment in communities, 5)using pricing strategies –both incentives and disincentives- to promote the purchase of healthier foods, 6)reducing youth’s exposure to the marketing of unhealthy foods through regulation, policy, and effective industry self-regulation. The focus of this paper is to assess obesity in adults and children. The single-subject research conducted explored if the portion size that is being consumed is too large for a healthy diet. Within the methods section, the participant and informed consent are discussed as well as the method of data collected and measures used. Problem/Background
Carrol, Flegal, Ogden, & Kit (2012) define obesity in an adult as having a body mass index (BMI, weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared, rounded to one decimal place) greater than or equal to 30. Obesity in children was defined as a BMI greater than or equal to the age and sex specific 95th percentiles of the 2000 Center for Disease Control (CDC) growth (Carrol et al., 2012). In 2009-2010 more than one-third of adults and almost 17 percent of youth were obese (Carroll et al., 2012). Obesity rates in the United States exceeded 25 percent in more than two-thirds of states in 2011 and twelve states have obesity rates above 30 percent (Kohn, et al., 2011). According to Kohn et al., (2011) those who did not graduate from high...