Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. It’s the pearl of Indian Ocean. This country is the home for many religions, ethnicities and languages. Firstly, the Buddhist which was thrown out of India was shipped to Sri Lanka. These are the first generation of people who stepped in to this Island. While the time goes on the population of Sinhalese increased and this resulted the world recognizes the existence of this Island. This led the other nations to come on trading goods and services. The nations from India, Indonesia, Arab and Chinese came for trading and they settled in Sri Lanka. As a result of these many other ethnic minorities, which includes Tamils, Muslim Moors, Burghers and Malays lived in Sri Lanka. This land was concurred by many countries. Especially Portugal, Dutch and lastly the British were the three main countries who captured Sri Lanka. But in year 1948, the country was independent from British. The country’s recent history has been spoiled by a 3 decade inter-ethnic conflict which eventually stepped in to a war. “When Sri Lanka became independent in 1948, as the Sri Lankan government passed the Ceylon Citizenship Act and the 'Sinhala Only' Official Language Act, making life increasingly difficult for the Tamils.” (National Library Singapore, 2012). Soon after the independence, the minority ethnic people, especially the Tamils, thought its racism by making Sinhala as the official language. During this time of period, Sinhalese thought that they are the most valued and esteemed people among the society, which affected the minorities in all aspects, such as in communicating with others, judgment for justice and many more. Meanwhile the minority, specially the Tamils were discriminated among others, which made the Tamils to stand against the government for not taking any favorable decisions towards them. Importance of the topic.
In this report we are describing about a conflict between two groups within a society. We related two cultural groups in Sri Lanka. The war between Sinhalese and Tamils were the best example that we can use to describe the topic effectively, since we got our personal experience regarding this matter. When we look at the past 3 decades, over a 100,000 of people died, millions of people became infants, some left the country and some stayed remain and a generation or two losses there birth, the children brainwashed and also the country was deeply divided. This is all due to the conflict between 2 groups. So by considering the result of the conflict, we would like to aware the readers about the seriousness of being separated and fighting each other.
Conflict of groups and Literature review
As we look in deep into issue, we found that prioritizing the Sinhala language as soon as the country becomes independent was not a good move by the government where all ethnics were working as one to fight back to get the independence to the country. These politicians were not mindful enough, where they eventually created new categories in language system among the citizens. The minority protested the decision which was made by the government. But it wasn’t good enough to the government to change the decision or to go for alternative decisions. “The rebels, based in northern and eastern Sri Lanka, have been waging a violent offensive against the central government on and off for more than 20 years. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was one of the many groups that came into existence to fight for Tamil rights”. (Kate, P. 2009). On the other hand we found out that the Tamils took this issue in a serious manner. It’s fair enough to decide Sinhala as the first language because 70% of the population was known as Sinhalese and Tamils as 7%. The challenge of communicating with others should have been taken by the Tamils. At Some given day, in a particular time they have to accept and respect the decisions that the government...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document