U.S. Involvement in the Middle East
The countries of our nation are all different. They have all faced challenges, and all had their own ups and downs. The United States is a strong nation that has encountered many problems and conquered many obstacles of their own. Many of the things in our world today have evolved from events that happened in the past. OPEC, Pro- Israel, and Terrorism are all examples of these things.
The first example of a daily struggle the United States faces is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC. OPEC was formed on September 14, 1960, in Baghdad, Iraq. It is a permanent intergovernal organization, currently consisting of twelve oil producing and exporting countries, spread across three continents: America, Asia, and Africa (OPEC 1). For the people that live in these areas, oil and gas production is a very important source of income. It provides jobs for the people, revenue for the government, and a product for consumers. OPEC’s objectives are to unify petroleum policies, stabilize prices in international oil markets, and provide an efficient supply of petroleum to consumers (OPEC 1). “The OPEC statute stipulates that any country with a substantial net export of crude petroleum, which has fundamentally similar interests to those of Member Countries, may become a Full Member of the Organization, if accepted by a majority of three- fourths of Full Members, including the concurring votes of all Founder Members”. The Statute further distinguishes between three categories. OPEC is broken down into categories of membership: Founder Members, Full Members, and Associate Members. Founder members are those that were present at the meeting that formed OPEC on September 14, 1960. Those members have the final decision. Full Members are founder members, along with countries whose applications for membership have been accepted by the Conference. Associate Members are the countries which do not qualify for full membership, but which are nevertheless admitted under such special conditions as may be prescribed by the Conference (OPEC 2). OPEC member countries include Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela (OPEC 2). OPEC plays a major role in oil prices along with gas prices.
Terrorism, like OPEC, also originated in the Middle East, and has evolved over time. Like the problems with terrorism that we face in the United States today, the problems our nations faced many decades ago all came from decisions by different countries. Terrorism in the United States came from underlying conditions, such as poverty, corruption, religious conflict, and ethnic strife (United States 7). The terrorist threat is a flexible, transnational network structure, enabled by modern technology and characterized by loose interconnectivity both within and between groups. In this environment, terrorists work together in funding, sharing of intelligence, training, logistics, planning, and executing attacks. Terrorist groups with objectives in one country of region can draw strength and support from groups in other countries or regions. One of the earliest forms of terrorism started in the Bible times, with problems between the Jews because they were said to be the “Killers of Christ” (K. Smith). These problems made way for more terrorism issues as the years passed by. On September 11, 2001, just eleven years ago, the United States experienced a terrorist attack that went down in history. Terrorists took over airplanes and flew them into the twin towers, destroying the towers and taking many lives. The United States government was not prepared, which worried many Americans, because they feared that if things like this happened today, it could also happen tomorrow if the government did not alter its foreign policies. The Government knew that they needed to alter their policies, so after the Nine- Eleven...