Research on William Wallace

Topics: William Wallace, Edward I of England, Wars of Scottish Independence Pages: 5 (1598 words) Published: May 30, 2013
Scotland from English rule.

He died 23rd August 1305 but it is a mystery to when he was born but it was around the 1270s. But historians believe he was born around the town of Elderslie, Renfrewshire, Scotland. He had no record of having any children

Sir William Wallace was a Scottish knight and landowner who became one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence. He was the second of three sons of Sir Malcolm Wallace and Margaret de Crauford. Wallace may have been outlawed for killing the son of an English constable in Dundee, and may have killed two English soldiers who demanded the fish he had caught at Irvine Water. The English authorities saw Wallace as nothing more than a dangerous outlaw.

In May 1297 Wallace was in Lanark. It is said that he was visiting his wife, the beautiful Marion Braidfute, who he had married in secret. Lanark Castle was held by an English sheriff. When Heselrig’s soldiers learned that Wallace was with Marion they surrounded him. Wallace escaped but Marion was captured by Heselrig. The English sheriff had Wallace’s wife put to death.

That night Wallace and his men made their way back to Lanark Castle under cover of darkness. Wallace broke into Heselrig’s bedchamber and hacked the English sheriff to death.

When Wallace was growing up, King Alexander III ruled Scotland. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stability. In 1286, however, Alexander died after falling from his horse.

The heir to the throne was Alexander's granddaughter, Margaret, Maid of Norway. As she was still a child and in Norway, the Scottish lords set up a government of guardians. Margaret fell ill on the voyage to Scotland and died in Orkney. The lack of a clear heir led to a period known as the 'Great Cause', with several families laying claim to the throne. With Scotland threatening to descend into civil war, King Edward was invited in by the Scottish nobility to arbitrate William Wallace was brought up by his uncle in Dunipace, after his father died when he was a boy. He was to continue his father's fight and he raised an army against King Edward I of England.

King Edward had dismissed any talk of Scottish Independence, and viewed Wallace as an outlaw. Rebellion followed, and many men joined forces with Wallace as he began to drive the English out of Perthshire and Fife.

In May 1297, Wallace attacked the town of Lanark, killing the English sheriff, apparently to avenge the death of Marion Braidfute of Lamington.

Much blood was spilled up to, including, and after the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297. The battle took place on the 10th September, and Wallace and his men, heavily outnumbered, had occupied the high ground of Ochil Hills, which would force Edward’s army to fight uphill.

One last plea from the King's spokesman, asking Wallace to surrender was met with defiance, with Wallace replying:

“Tell your king that William Wallace will NOT be ruled. Lower your flags and march straight back to England, stopping at every home to beg forgiveness for a hundred years of theft, rape, and murder."

William Wallace was victorious, and in December of that year, he was elected Guardian of the Kingdom and uncrowned ruler of Scotland.

He assembled his army on Roslin Moor, marched south into Northumberland, and meticulously ravaged the counties of Durham, Northumbria, and Cumbria, taking anything of value back over the border.

A further raid took place in 'the Barns of Ayr' with Wallace and his men setting fire to the camp, and burning 500 English soldiers in a revenge attack for the murder of his uncle The English King brought a large army to Falkirk in May the following year, 1298, and goaded Wallace into fighting a second battle. This time Wallace was defeated and in September resigned as Guardian of Scotland in favour of Robert the Bruce. He fled to France in 1299.

Wallace returned from France in 1303 and did well to evade capture by the English until 5...
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