Research on Fgm

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Bethani Ann DeLong-Vehapi
Research Process 12/15/2010 Final Research Paper

Hear our cries

The negative effects of Genital Mutilation

Ridwan Shardow

Table of Contents

The negative effects of Genital Mutilation2
History of FGM4
Introduction8
Main body12
Physical effects12
Psychological effects15
social effects17
Conclusion19
Bibliography21

Bethani Ann DeLong-Vehapi
Research Process 12/15/2010 Final Research Paper

Abstract

“ ¹ The traditional custom of ritual cutting and alteration of the genitalia of female infants, girls, and adolescents, referred to as female genital mutilation (FGM), persists primarily in Africa and among certain communities in the Middle East and Asia. Immigrants in the United States from areas where FGM is endemic may have daughters who have undergone a ritual genital procedure or may request that such a procedure be performed by a physician. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) believes that pediatricians and pediatric surgical specialists should be aware that this practice has serious, life-threatening health risks for children and women. The AAP opposes all forms of FGM, counsels its members not to perform such ritual procedures, and encourages the development of

Bethani Ann DeLong-Vehapi Research Process 12/15/2010 Final Research Paper

community educational programs for immigrant populations.

History of FGM

FGM has been over the years associated with the Islamic religion due to the fact that most of their laws (such as sharia law) put a restriction on women. In some instances, men tend to kill, rape and abuse the women simply because the law favors them. But FGM did not originally occur within the Islamic world.

It was and is still practiced by the male dominated tribal societies of Africa, and the Middle East to date. Initially, there were some theories as to why it still lingered after all these centuries. One particular theory is that female circumcision originated as a way to control women's sexuality. It was

Bethani Ann DeLong-Vehapi Research Process 12/15/2010 Final Research Paper

thought that the practice would control a woman's desire for sex and thus prevent premarital relations and keep the woman faithful to their husband after marriage. It went to the extent that female circumcision made men masters...
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