www.ccsenet.org/ass Asian Social Science Vol. 7, No. 10; October 2011 Research on College Students’ Stresses and Coping Strategies Hong Ji School of Management, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China & Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022, China E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Lei Zhang Changchun University of Science and Technology, Changchun 130022, China Received: July 2, 2011 Accepted: July 26, 2011 Published: October 1, 2011 doi:10.5539/ass.v7n10p30 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v7n10p30 Abstract
The mental stresses of college students gain wide attentions from the society currently. In this paper, authors investigate the mental stresses of college students and argue that there are four sources of stresses, namely employment situations, study conditions, personal factors, and economic conditions. It shows a significant positive correlation between employment situations and mental stresses of college students, and a positive correlation between study conditions and mental stresses. Although there is a postive correlation between economic conditions, personal factors and mental stresses respectively, the differences are very prominent for individuals.
Keywords: College students, Mental stress, Stress source
In recent years, it happens sometimes that college students suffer from physical or mental illness, which even leads to temporary absence from school or even a suicidal. In 2008, a report on changes of numbers of college students, from the Ministry of Education of China, points out: a sample survey based on more than 10 million college students in China shows that 20.23% of college students face mental disorders due to mental stresses, and 54.4% of drop-out college students are caused by mental stresses. The mental stress stystem is extremely complicated. To study the relationship of mental stress sources and mental stresses of college students systematically and find effective ways for reducing stresses can not only help to prevent and correct the mental disorders of college students, but also turn to be a useful complement for theories of stresses. 2. Mental stresses of college students and stress sources
Stress could be defind in two fields, namely mental stress and physical stress. In this paper, the stress only means mental stress. From a psychological point of view, stress is a recognitive and behavoiral experience process constituted by mental stress sources and mental stress reactions together. Stress sources refer to factors causing stress reactions, including biological stress sources, spiritual stress sources, and social and environmental stress sources. Stress sources that cause mental disorders are mostly comprehensive. Behind biological or social stress sources, usually there are deep spiritual stress sources.
Chinese and foreign scholars’ researches on mental stresses of college students generally include the following aspects: the contents of stress sources, comparative studies of stress sources on genders, comparative studies of stress sources on grades.
Rawson and other scholars agree that mental stress sources of college students mainly include study factors, social factors, life and economic factors, and career factors (Rawson, Harve E, Bloomer, Kimberly, Kendall, Amanda, 1994). Heins’ studies show that there are two types of stress sources among college students. One type is about academic expectation and achievements, and the other is about social factors, such as maintaining and developing social connections, etc. Lin Zhang and Wenbo Che (Lin Zhang, Wenbo Che & Bing Li, 2003) design...
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