Adaptive Memory: Survival Processing Increases Both True and False Memory in Adults and Children Authors:
Henry Otgaar and Tom Smeets
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 2010, Vol. 36, No. 4, Pages 1010-1016
Otgaar and Smeets developed three experiments to examine the net accuracy which was scored by the processing mode known as “Survival Processing”. They believed that while testing adults in the first experiment, the false memory rate would decrease while in a survival condition, therefore being able to remember more words than adults in control conditions. In the second experiment, they hypothesized that children, both young and old, would display an advantage while in a survival condition to those in a control condition in the amount of words they can recall correctly while being able to more accurately deflect the illusion of false memory.
In testing the advantage of recalling more words correctly due to the survival process, the experiment was broken up into three separate experiments. The first experiment would test adults and the second would test children. The final experiment would test how stimuli besides the list of words used would affect the ability to recall words correctly. The third experiment was tested with adults.
The first experiment utilized sixty nine undergraduate students. The average as approximately twenty two years of age, and this group consisted of nineteen men. A small financial compensation about was given to the participants who were tested. Each individual was tested in their own room at the university for approximately thirty minutes. This experiment used a list of words that are semantically related to each other. These words were adopted by a paradigm known as Deese-Roediger-McDermott which...