Research Methologies

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Submitted By:

Krutik V. Patel Fenil Bharawad
Subject

Research Methodology
Term Paper Recycling of Plastics Submitted to:

Mr. Sreekant Iyengar

20 December 2012

RECYCLING OF PLASTICS

INTRODUCTION In the coming years and into the 21st century, plastics gained further importance in life. Both consumers and industrial users expand their demand for plastics, both in terms of quantity and quality. The coming decade is a crucial period for the plastics industry in meeting this demand. At the same time, the rapidly increasing waste burden of plastics has to be minimized. At present, around 50 to 60 percent of waste plastics is left uncollected or is dumped in an uncontrolled manner on land, in rivers or in the sea. This requires intense efforts on the part of the waste management sectors as well as the plastics recycling industry. The recycling sector can reduce the burden of solid waste by creating a market for recovered materials and simultaneously narrowing the gap between the demand and supply of plastic resources. For several years, debate has wide spread about the plastic PVC. Industry and pursue a ban; industry aims to improve its environmental performance and believes there is no reason for taking such measures against their material.

LITERATURE REVIEW A variety of strategy books provide useful information needed to develop a business plan strategy for an entrant in a mature market. Robert Grant, in his book published in 2005, “Contemporary Strategy Analysis”, believes that “strategy is about winning”. Creating a strategy is a key factor to a business’ success. His book, through a theoretical and practical approach, offers tools for identifying factors that determine the success of a business. It provides a useful framework for an industry analysis and 8 competitive advantage analyses. Grant also offers a valuable insight into diversification strategies and organizational models. Besanko, Dranove, Shanley and Shaefer, in their book “Economics of Strategy”, published in 2007, provide steps to perform an industry analysis. The five force framework will be used to do the industry analysis. Each of the five forces will create major threats to the business profits.

In 2005, Canada stood out as an excellent nation in the recycling industry in comparison to the US. It was focused on having a foundation of a producer responsibility model that forces packagers to pay for a fair amount of municipal recycling programs, which displayed much innovation in the sector. Ontario’s government has been building more of recycling costs “into the product and requires packaging companies to pay 50 percent of the price tag to support recycling programs in 2005” (Toloken, 2005). From a 16 percent recycling rate in 2003, five years later, Ontario has managed to raise the rate to 38 percent (Gillespie, 2008). However, the province’s goal three years ago was to reach 60 percent (Toloken, 2005). This has proven to be more difficult than it seemed. (BIKAW). Case Study: Mumbai’s Experience with the Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999 The Recycled Plastic Manufacture and Usage Rule of 1999 was the first central government rule on plastic waste in India. It was passed to control the packaging of food products in recycled plastics and to manage the littering problem. The objective of the Rule was supposedly to protect human health from the risk of coloured plastic bags and to minimize the littering problem by encouraging reuse and recycling of polybags. The Rule was based on the recommendations of the Plastic Waste Management Task Force [3]. There were three main specifications in the Rule:    The use of recycled and virgin coloured polybags for non-food applications was allowed but for packaging food items was discouraged All carry bags of size less than 20 microns were banned The guidelines for the recycling of plastics were made mandatory

The impact of the Recycling Rule on the city of Mumbai can be...
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