Integrative Project for Public Safety
Research Methodology Assignment
June 2, 2013
Dr. Joe Pascarella
A United Nations report entitled “Violence Against Women: Global Costs and Consequences” states that up to 6 out of every 10 women worldwide experience physical or sexual assault and violence in their lifetime. The World Bank found that women and girls between the ages of 16 and 44 are in more danger from rape and domestic violence than from cancer, motor vehicle accidents, war and malaria. This report stated that the economic costs of violence against women are substantial. In the United States there is an estimated cost of $1.8 billion in productivity and earnings attributed to domestic violence (Committee on Foreign Relations).
This research will examine measures that have been taken to stop domestic violence and propose new methods that may prove effective. Mandatory arrest policies and no drop prosecution are two methods that have been used to stop violence against women. These efforts began in 1962 at the urging of feminist advocacy groups. Mandatory arrest and no drop policies remove officer discretion when responding to a domestic violence situation. If probable cause is noted the officer must arrest the batterer and the prosecutor can bring legal action if he or she feels it is warranted even if the victim declines prosecution and is uncooperative. This overly optimistic view of prosecution ignores the continued access that the batterer often has to his victim during the pending trial, the reality that most offenders plead guilty to the charges to get probation, and the fact that jailed batterers usually receive relatively short sentences. Given the reality that even aggressive prosecution will likely yield only a mild, if any, punishment, there are many reasons why a victim might be far safer by not aligning herself with the state (Han). The author of this article and others...