Research Methodology

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INTRODUCTION TO WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW

Literature review is the process of reading, analyzing, evaluating, and summarizing scholarly materials about a specific topic. The results of a literature review may be compiled in a report or they may serve as part of a research article, thesis, or grant proposal. Literature review is the written and systematic summary of the research which is conducted on a particular topic. It summarizes the background and context of the research. Literature review exercise to analyze the area of the research, which has been resolved in the study. It is the outline of the research. It also shows the gap between the researcher’s curiosity and knowledge of the subject area (Boswell& Cannon 2009) Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four broad stages: First, Define the topic, we must define the topic and components of our topic and then, we must search for materials use search tools (such as the library catalogue, databases, bibliographies) to find materials about our topic. After that, evaluate what we have found, read and evaluate what we found in order to determine which material makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. And the last is, analysis and interpretation, means provide a discussion of the findings and conclusions of the pertinent literature. Generally review of literature provides in-depth understanding and explanation on how our findings are similar to or novel from previous research work. It also reveals techniques and statistical procedures that have not been attempted by others. To do a review literature, we need to locate, read and evaluate research document, report, theses and other types of academic materials.

* A literature review should include:
* An overview of the subject, issue or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review. * Division of works under review into categories (e.g. those in support of a particular position, those against, and those offering alternative theses entirely). * Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others. * Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in their argument, are most convincing of their opinions, and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research.

The Literature Review consists of an introduction, summary of scholarly sources, a discussion and evaluation of the sources (including disputes and disagreements), and a conclusion in which you put forth your own potential original research questions that will contribute something new to the available understanding on the topic.  A minimum of five scholarly sources (not the same ones you used in the Background Essay) are required for this essay.  These can be either academic peer-reviewed journal articles from a database such as Academic Search Premier or a chapter from a scholarly book. A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to readers how the research fits into the larger field of study. Why do a literature review? a somewhat cynical answer may have popped into some of your minds: “Why do a literature review? It is required for my passed research,” or “I have to do a thesis or dissertation.” Then, again, some of you may have more socially redeeming motivations, such as wanting to change the world or improve your practice of a profession. Literature reviews are important as research tools, especially in emerging areas, with populations that typically yield small samples (e.g., special education research often does), or in areas that represent value-laden positions adopted by advocacy...
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