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Chapter 11 Study Guide

1. Militarism- Glorification of military strength.
2. Allied Powers- World War 1 alliance that included Britain, France, Russia, and later the United States. 3. Central Powers- World War 1 alliance that included Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. 4. Sussex Pledge- Promised issued out by the Germans in 1916 that promised not to sink any merchant vessels without warning. 5. National Defense Act- Military preparedness program that was created before entering the war that increased the size of the National Guard and the army. 6. Zimmerman Note- Cable sent to Mexico by Germany’s foreign secretary. 7. Selective Service Act- Law that required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to sign up for the draft. 8. War Industries Board- Agency led by Bernard Baruch during World War 1 that allocated scarce goods, established production priorities, and set prices on goods. 9. Committee on Public Information- (CPI) Agency created to increase public support for World War 1. 10. Espionage Act- Federal law that outlawed acts of treason during World War 1. 11. Sedition Act- Federal law enacted during World War 1 that made written criticism of the government a crime. 12. Bolsheviks- Group of radical Russian socialists who seized power in 1917 following the overthrow of the czar. 13. Battle of the Argonne Forest- A successful allied effort to push back German troops from a rail center in Sedan, France. 14. Fourteen Points- President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for organizing post-World War 1 Europe and for avoiding future wars. 15. League of Nations- International body of nations formed in 1919 to prevent wars. 16. Reparation- Payments for damages and expenses for war. 17. Treaty of Versailles- Treaty that ended World War 1 that required Germany to pay huge war reparations and to establish the league of nations. 18. WW1 started because countries were trying to gain independence while others were...
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