Research English 101

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Chapter 1

Introduction to the Study

Background of the Study:

Motivating pharmacy students to strive hard for good grades is not that easy. These students would usually deal with hard subjects which are related to Math and Science. Pharmacy students would face an everyday struggle to cope with their studies. Most of the students would use a person or a thing to help them be motivated enough to strive harder. The researchers conducted a study that would help Pharmacy students determine the types of motivators that could help them in studying harder. The researchers has looked for articles that would present possible motivators. According to Castro (1976) We cannot ignore the reality that extrinsic rewards can have adverse effects on student motivation. This here is a proof that rewards may also be used as an instrument of motivating students. Lowman(1994) found “Professors who help students appreciate even complex material in a clear and organized way are more likely to be effective than those who are vague or confusing.” (p.137) . Another study of Sapiay (2010) stated that “When parents are involved,pupils have higher grades, test scores and graduation rates, better school attendance, increased motivation, better self-esteem, and fewer instances of violent behaviour.” These are all possible motivators that Pharmacy students may be using. The list of possible motivators would include family, rewards, and professors.

One may see the importance of motivating students since this is the only way to help students to cope with the standards of the University of San Agustin in the field of Pharmacy.

Statement of the Problem:

1. What are the possible motivators that could help the pharmacy students to cope up with the standards of the University of San Agustin? 2. What is the commonly practiced way of motivating the students to study well?

Definition of Terms:

Motivator is a source of motivation.
Motivation is the act or an instance of motivating, or providing with a reason to act in a certain way. It is the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviours. It can be considered a driving force; a psychological drive that compels or reinforces an action toward a desired goal. For example, hunger is a motivation that elicits a desire to eat. Motivation has been shown to have roots in physiological, behavioural, cognitive, and social areas. Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal. Motivation results from the interaction of both conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) intensity of desire or need, (2) incentive or reward value of the goal, and (3) expectations of the individual and of his or her peers. These factors are the reasons one has for behaving a certain way. An example is a student that spends extra time studying for a test because he or she wants a better grade in the class. Pharmacy is the branch of the health sciences dealing with the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs. Pharmacy is dealing with these subjects:

Pharmacology is the study of the mechanism of action, uses, side effects, and fate of drugs in the body. In other words, it is the study of what biologically active compounds do in do in the body (pharmacodynamics) and how the body reacts to them (pharmacokinetics). Pharmacotherapeutics is the use of drug to alleviate the signs and symptoms of disease, delay disease progression, cure a disease, or facilitate nondrug interventions. Pharmacists also known as druggists or chemists, are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. The role of the pharmacist has shifted from the classical "lick, stick, and pour" dispensary role (that...
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