Research Critique in Midwifery

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A constructive critique of the research into women’s experiences of becoming a mother after prolonged labour. The Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) state in their code of conduct state that nursing and midwifery care must be evidence or best practise based. Therefore it is essential that students are able to analyse and critique research papers in order to determine the validity of the study and to apply theories to practise. This essay intends to critique and analyse the research paper, in order to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the research undertaken. Certain questions are required to ensure that the evaluation is assessing the essential components of the research (Holloway& Wheeler, 2002). Therefore Holloway and Wheeler’s (2002) critique framework for qualitative research will be used to critique and evaluate the study. This essay also intends to acknowledge the research limitations and the implications for practise. It also intends to evaluate if the methodology and processes are applicable to the research type. The research paper is a qualitative study concerning women’s experiences following the phenomenon of prolonged labour and an instrumental or caesarean delivery (Nystedt et al., 2008).They were selected from two Swedish hospitals and chosen by the principle researcher after examination of the partograms in their labour documentation. The candidates had given birth between November 2003 and April 2000. The research title is the first point of contact of the research, and should demonstrate the content of the study (Hicks, 1996). A research title should indicate both the group being studied, and the characteristic being reported, which is key in a qualitative study (Polgar & Thomas, 2000). In this study, the title states prolonged labour and women’s experiences of becoming a mother (Nystedt et al., 2008). It does not mention the type of delivery which is also a criteria of the research. In assessing whether the topic and title are relevant to the type of research, Holloway and Wheeler (2002), state that in qualitative research the participants create the data for analysis, and this data is placed as the highest priority. There are also to be no concepts, frameworks and ideas prior to commencing the study, which is relevant to quantitative research (Rees, 1997). The topic and the study are both appropriate and relevant to qualitative research. The views of the participants created the data for analysis, and the research has placed this data as the highest priority. In this study the researcher did not apply theoretical concepts prior to analysing the data, therefore is applicable and relevant to qualitative research. The title of the study is also an indication of phenomenological research. Phenomenologists study the lived experience or the phenomenon to be the topic that is researched (Cluett & Bluff, 2000). The abstract of an article is a comprehensive overview of the article contents and should be precise as many practitioners’ only source the abstract when accessing research (Cluett & Bluff, 2000). If the study differs from the title then it should be reflected in the abstract (Cluett & Bluff, 2000). The abstract in this study defined that the research was based on women who had encountered an instrumental or caesarean birth (Nystedt et al., 2008).This therefore resolves the shortfall in the title. The abstract should also provide a clear overview of the methodology used and the findings, as it may be indicative of a study shortfall if not included (Hicks, 1996). In this abstract the sample size of ten and the interview method were clearly stated and reflected the information shown in the study main aim. The findings are dissolved into shorter sentences and reflected in the conclusion. Therefore the abstract in this instance is a reflection of the research. Reviewing literature surrounding the research topic is an important function in the research process as it enables the...
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