Condom-Use Behaviors in Young Urban African American Men:
A Quantitative Study Critique
Linda Fuentes RN
Since the emergence of HIV in the nineteen-eighties, significant progress has been made in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s). Despite increased public awareness and education, HIV continues to be a significant public health concern, especially in urban minority youth of racial/ethnic persuasion. While the United States has shown an overall decrease in the number of newly diagnose cases of HIV, community based clinics continue to report a high prevalence of STD’s in urban minority youth, especially African Males. The Study
A study was conducted by Stephen Kennedy M.D., M.P.H., Jeffrey Applewhite, Zhenfeng Pan, Ph.D., Stephen Shamblen, Ph.D., and Kenneth J. Vanderhoff, M.A., with the aim of developing, pilot testing and assessing a male-focused condom promotion program for young urban adult African American Males. Study participants were selected from hang-out locations and street intercepts and self-administered a baseline survey that evaluated their self-perceived condom use behaviors, prior to being randomly assigned. Analyses were made of the quantitative baseline data of the surveys, the findings evaluated high STD risk behaviors, and the often associated factors that influenced condom use including; sexual debut, a personal connectedness to HIVSTD’s, perceived susceptibility, health beliefs, and sexual encounters that were unprotected. Selection and Protection of Study Participants
A random sampling totaling 364 urban males between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four were approached by trained program staff for possible recruitment. The participants were from four designated community centers and of approximately equal numbers. Of the 364 participants approached 37% (136) completed the survey and then randomized further into two study program conditions....
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