Evidence-based practice is essential in nursing. It serves as the basis of nursing care being used today. To enable nurses further to improve such care, research becomes a necessity. One way of ensuring research study is useable and effective is by critically appraising it. This paper aims to correctly and systematically critique a chosen qualitative research article by scrutinizing its part one by one and providing a concluding comments at the end.
Title and abstract
A qualitative research article’s title should compose of a central phenomenon and a group under study. It should also contain the context of the study and the research design used. More importantly it should be short and concise but long enough to convey the very meaning or purpose of the article (Polit & Beck, 2006). In the chosen article, the central phenomenon which is ‘contemplating nuchal translucency screening’ can be clearly identified. Women as the group under study can also be easily identified. However, Hawthorne and Ahern (2009) could have improved the group under study by adding specification to it. Pregnant women as opposed to women as the group under study inform readers that the focus is on child-bearing women and not just ordinary women.
According to Polit and Beck, the purpose of an abstract is for the reader to review the entirety of an article and decide if it is worth reading or not (2006). They also point out that the abstract should be able to answer questions formed after reading the title. It should contain a brief background, aims, methods used, results, and conclusions of the research study (Polit& Beck, 2006). Hawthorne and Ahern (2009) did not include objectives and conclusions in their abstract but covered the other essential components. A brief description of the study was briefly presented and methods were also covered. Although findings were mentioned, it was presented insufficiently and can be confused with the study’s conclusion because it was... [continues]
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