Research Critique

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Research Critique, Part 1: A Qualitative Study

Transformation: the "life-changing" experience of women who undergo a surgical weight loss intervention Problem Statement
Nursing research provides only a few studies that investigate the experience of a patient who choose to undergo a bariatric surgical intervention. As the science of bariatric nursing care continues to grow, additional information is necessary to support both the person undergoing such procedures and the clinicians providing care and support. During this time of rapid growth in bariatric procedures it is imperative that all caregivers evaluate and initiate relevant changes in practice that will enhance the health and well-being of patients that undergo these procedures. Obesity rates have doubled currently and most people have exhausted all other methods and turn to bariatric surgery as their last and only hope. “68.8% of adults are overweight or obese; 35.7% are obese. 31.8% of children and adolescents are overweight or obese; 16.9% are obese” (Ogden et al., 2012). These patients seeking surgery are not only taking a risk with death as a possible consequence of the surgery, but they also have co-morbidities that can affect their surgery outcome such as hypertension, heart problems, sleep apnea and diabetes. Inadequate pain management and a loss of social support systems were identified as common problems during the post-surgical period. The study shows that nurses need to be educated to continue to assess, implement and evaluate both physical and psychosocial outcomes of these patients to ensure that their needs are fully met. Purpose and Research Questions

The purpose of the study was to develop an understanding of the post-surgical experience of women who choose to undergo a surgical weight loss intervention for management of morbid obesity (Sutton, Murphy, & Raines, 2009). With the growing increase in obesity, the number of bariatric surgeries being performed is also increasing....
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