1. What are Commons and its characteristics?
a. Resources meant for common use of the villagers and are accessible to and collectively owned/held/managed by an identifiable community and on which no individual has exclusive rights
b. These have been classified:
i. De facto: all non-private land used as common resources in practice, even if located outside the boundary of the village. Additionally, it includes forestlands, area under non-agricultural uses and fallow lands other than current fallow
ii. De jure: This includes only those lands that are within the boundary of the village and are formally held by the village Panchayat or community within the village
2. Why are they critical?
a. Commons are crucial sources of livelihood for rural households. They provide food, fodder and timber to farming systems, animal husbandry, resource conservation and recharge of groundwater.
b. Ecologically, the Commons play a vital role in maintaining ecological balance while providing important resources that sustain life – maintenance of water cycles, conservation of biodiversity, serving as sinks for greenhouse gases
3. Why should we secure Commons?
a. Protection of community rights over Commons through secure tenure
b. Allows institutions to create rules in the form of byelaws which secure spaces of the poor, women, pastoralists, households owning small ruminants and other disadvantaged groups (byelaws sheet)
c. To prevent change in land use by asserting community’s rights on commons through village institutions (village institution sheet)
d. Prevent encroachment from local and external forces by including specific rules in the form of byelaws and strict enforcement of these rules through collective action (byelaws and village institutions sheet)
e. To conserve and enhance productivity of Commons by restoration of common lands (Commons and NREGA sheet)
4. What... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2012, 05). Research. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 05, 2012, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Research-997465.html
"Research" StudyMode.com. 05 2012. 05 2012 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Research-997465.html>.
"Research." StudyMode.com. 05, 2012. Accessed 05, 2012. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Research-997465.html.