Research

Topics: Garlic, Onion, Allium Pages: 11 (1439 words) Published: August 6, 2014
The feasibility of garlic (Allium sativum L.) as pesticide

ABSTRACT
This study aims to know if garlic (Allium sativum L.) is feasible in making pesticide. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a species in the onion family alliacease. The leaves, stems and flowers (bulbils) on the head (spathe) are also edible and are most often consumed while immature and still tender.

In making the pesticide, the methods used are concentrating all the ingredients in making the pesticide. First, allow 3 ounces of finely chopped garlic to soak in 2 teaspoons of mineral oil for 24 hours. Add 1 pint of water and 1⁄4 ounce of liquid dish soap. Stir well and strain into a glass jar for storage. Upon making the spray, combine 1-2 tablespoons of concentrate in 1 pint of water to make the spray. Results showed that the pesticide produced is yellowish brown.

In testing and evaluating the effectiveness of the pesticide from garlic, the product was applied on bugs and observes after 10 minutes. After observing, the cockroaches were found dead.

Therefore, garlic is feasible in making pesticide. This pesticide cannot harm humans and it is environment friendly.

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family alliacease. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, and chive. Garlic has been used throughout recorded history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. It has a characteristic pungent, spicy flavor that mellows and sweetens considerably with cooking. Garlic is easy to grow and can be grown year-round in mild climates. In cold climates, cloves can be planted in the ground about six weeks before the soil freezes and harvested in late spring. Garlic plants are not attacked by pests. Garlic is claimed to help prevent heart disease (including atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure) and cancer. Animal studies, and some early investigational studies in humans, have suggested possible cardiovascular benefits of garlic.

A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used to kill a pest.A pesticide may be a chemical substance, biological agent (such as a virus or bacteria), antimicrobial, disinfectant or device used against any pest. Pests include insects, plant pathogens, weeds, mollusks, birds, mammals, fish, nematodes (roundworms) and microbes that compete with humans for food, destroy property, spread or are a vector for disease or cause a nuisance.

Statement of the Problem

Main Problem :
Does garlic (Allium sativum L.) feasible as pesticide?

This study tries to find out the feasibility of garlic (Allium sativum L.) as pesticide.

Specifically, this study tries to answer the following queries:

is it comparable to commercial ones?

is it feasible to be a good source of pesticide

is it harmful to human beings?

Hypotheses

The concentration from garlic is feasible to be a pesticide

The concentration from garlic is not feasible to be a pesticide

Significance of the Study

This study is significant to all people. This can help to stop spreading diseases from pests. This can also help to the farmers to control the pests that harm their plants. this study is also an environment friendly.

Scope and Limitations

This study is limited only to apply on cockroaches.

Definition of terms

· Pesticide- a substance or mixture of substances used to kill a pest · Garlic-used in making the pesticide
· Mineral oil- by-product in the distillation of petroleum to produce gasoline and other petroleum based products from crude oil · Soap-used in making the pesticide

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Pesticides are used to control organisms which are considered harmful. For example, they are used to kill mosquitoes that can transmit potentially deadly diseases like west nile virus, yellow fever, and malaria. They can also kill bees, wasps...
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