Statement of Purpose: Studying abroad has evolved as common phenomenon around the globe. Every year cross border education is becoming more popular and people are travelling around the globe in-search of better education, better living standards and a better future. Everything new comes with new challenges and that applies to international students who travel abroad in search of better education. The research paper will regard and focus on problems that international students generally face at Australian Universities. The research as a whole will also consider various issues such as adjustment issues, cultural shock, language difficulty, understanding the expectation and grading system e.t.c. The motivation behind the research is to bring various problems faced by international students in Australian universities to limelight and contribute for better solutions.
Australia has evolved as one of the best education destination around the world and the number of students are growing every year. It is estimated that Australia provides education to almost 9% of world's cross-border international tertiary students. (http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features20Dec+2011#WHAT).
A study shows that 2,28,555 international students were enrolled in various universities in 2004, and that is approximately 25% of all enrolled students in Australia. The said number would generate about 15% of the total revenue for the universities across Australia. Search and study of literature in this area reveals that there are few research that has been carried out in the past, however they have grown older and they lack significance at the moment as the education industry is ever changing and the immigration rules for international students to obtain a student visa has become flexible, specially to the post-grad International students.
A similar research in the past was carried out by the author (Sawir) for the Monash University on Global Movements at Monash University. The author interviewed 200 international students from more then 30 different countries, who were studying at 9 different Australian universities and institutions. The questionnaire covered different areas including social and economic security, accommodation, work, languages, peer groups, networks e.t.c. and the data from the study were released. “(Deumert, Marginson, Nyland, Ramia & Swair, 2005a, 2005b)”.
“(Han, 2007)”, has put forward in the study that International graduate students across an American university had trouble participating in whole class seminar discussion because of anxiety and insufficient content knowledge. This is another important area this paper will draw its attention, specially focusing on the gap between past education and Australian education system.
Similarly, “(Coward, 2003)”, studied interaction between Americans and Asian students during graduate seminar discussion and concludes that these students were continuously trying to figure out what was going on in the class, what was expected out of them, and what is their role. In another study of similar kind, “(Lee & Carrasquillo, 2006)”, analysed the perceptions of professors on the linguistic/cultural characteristics that contribute to academic difficulties. These includes, being uncomfortable with speaking in class, viewing professors as having absolute authority, having trouble expressing critical thoughts.
At the end, this paper will further these issues in Australian context and hopefully will provide a solid platform in understanding international students and their problems at Australian Institutes.
Background and Significance of the issue
International students of higher studies in any english speaking countries have significant contribution economically. Similarly, they are forces of positive change, brings their culture, tradition and past experience to the hosting nation...
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