Australian republicanism has historically been concerned with asserting Australia's independence from Britain. It is believed that such an assertion may have inaugurated in the early to mid nineteenth century when Australian colonies moved toward responsible government (Stephenson, 1994). In 1901 under the Constitutional Convention of 1890, the colonies of Australia federated (Stephenson, 1994). However, it is suggested that this federation did not generate an independent Australia, rather, that it occurred in 1942 with the adoption of the British Statute of Westminster 1931 where Australia attained Commonwealth legislative independence from Britain. Australia's independence was further enhanced in 1986 when the Australia Acts were passed. This legislation resulted in the abolition of appeals from Australian courts, and extinguished Imperial control on State laws (Stephenson, 1994). As a result, is it plausible to claim that Australia is now republic in nature? According to Winterton (1994), a republic may be defined as a state based upon popular sovereignty in which all public power is exercised by the people selected by the public. Therefore, as the historical evidence suggest, it may be plausible to assume that the Australia is already... [continues]
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