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1. Explain the three parts of the soul in your own words as well as referring to the Republic, Book IV. In case of being corrupted by bad upbringing (441a), what is Plato’s suggestion/ solution? Explain. Do you think his solution is reasonable? Expand.
In book IV Adeimantus wonders that except guardians who have the most power everyone seems happy in the city. According to Socrates in the city there is not such a duty to make rulers or guardians happy in fact their job is to provide justice and make citizen happy and do any necessary thing in order to live in honour and justice.
He defines justice and talks about relativeness of wealth or poverty : “Wealth is the parent of luxury and indolence, and poverty of meanness and viciousness, and both of discontent”. (422A) One of the main arguments of Socrates was Souls of individuals and he tries to connect justice with the terms souls. Adeimantus ask Socrates to point out that being a ruler or guardian sounds unpleasant. Because the ruler has no private wealth, he can never go to a vacation, he can not keep a secret, or do the things that people think make them happy. Socrates answers Adeimantus by reminding that their goal in building this city is not to make any one group happy, but to make entire city happy in most possible way. Then Socrates move on by talking the wealth of the rulers and the importance of money. Socrates told to greedy Adeimantus that there will be no wealth or poverty at all in the city since there will be no money. If there won’t be the term “money” then the term “poverty” or “wealth” will be disappear accordingly. However Adeimantus objects that city without money can not protect it self against the enemies, but Socrates wants Adeimantus to think like in the case of “no money” we will have the best warriors in the world so therefore the problem of defending the city will be removed easily. Socrates go on with identifying the city by...
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