January 21, 2013
The function of each of the female and male external and internal sex organs in relation to the sperm, and the egg is to function together to foster the reproduction process. (University of Phoenix, Hild,M. 2009). The genital tract is the area of the body containing parts related to the reproductive process. The gonads are the organs that generate reproductive cells, i. e., the ovary or testicle. The genitalia are the external reproductive organs of males or females. The vulva is the external part of the female genitalia consisting of the clitoris, a small highly sensitive erectile structure situated near the urethral opening in the female, the glans clitoris, the head of the clitoris, labia majora, the labia minora, and the bartholin's gland; one of two small glands on either side of the vaginal orifice that secrete mucus. A hormone is a complex substance carried by body fluids that regulates the activity of specific organs or tissues, primarily of the endocrine glands; e. g. estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. The penis is the external male organ of copulation; the male genitalia, the glans penis is the head of the penis, the testis are either of two male sex or reproductive organs that produce sperm within the scrotum and produce testosterone. Testosterone; the principal male sex hormone produced in the testes, “The testes are the male gonads (gonad derives from the Greek gone, meaning “seed”).” (Rathus & Nevid, 2011, p. 109), functions to determine the secondary sex characteristic of the male at puberty: hair distribution, deep voice, hair distribution, sexual drive, and body build. The ovary is one of two female reproductive organs whose function is to produce eggs, estrogen, and progesterone. Estrogen is the female sex hormone created in the...
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