Report on Hydel Power Resources in Pakistan

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Indus River, Hydroelectricity, Pakistan
  • Pages : 108 (23327 words )
  • Download(s) : 142
  • Published : March 4, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

(October 2012)

October 2012

www.wapda.gov.pk

PREFACE
Energy and water are the prime movers of human life. Though deficient in oil and gas, Pakistan has abundant water and other energy sources like hydel power, coal, wind and solar power. The country situated between the Arabian Sea and the Himalayas, Hindukush and Karakoram Ranges has great political, economic and strategic importance. The total primary energy use in Pakistan amounted to 60 million tons of oil equivalent (mtoe) in 2006-07. The annual growth of primary energy supplies and their per capita availability during the last 10 years has increased by nearly 50%. The per capita availability now stands at 0.372 toe which is very low compared to 8 toe for USA for example. The World Bank estimates that worldwide electricity production in percentage for coal is 40, gas 19, nuclear 16, hydro 16 and oil 7. Pakistan meets its energy requirement around 41% by indigenous gas, 19% by oil, and 37% by hydro electricity. Coal and nuclear contribution to energy supply is limited to 0.16% and 2.84% respectively with a vast potential for growth. The Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) is vigorously carrying out feasibility studies and engineering designs for various hydropower projects with accumulative generation capacity of more than 25000 MW. Most of these studies are at an advance stage of completion. After the completion of these projects the installed capacity would rise to around 42000 MW by the end of the year 2020. Pakistan has been blessed with ample water resources but could store only 13% of the annual flow of its rivers. The storage is fast depleting due to sedimentation. In contrast US has developed 497% storage capacity of annual flow of River Colorado; Egypt possesses 281% of River Nile and India 35% on Sutlej-Bias Basin. All these statistics warrant construction of number of reservoirs to enhance availability of water which stands at 1070 cubic meter per capita. Anything below 1000 cubic meter tantamount to a crisis situation. The hydropower potential in Pakistan is over 100,000 MW with identified sites of 59000 MW. Currently, studies under way include Diamer Basha (4500 MW), Bunji (7100 MW) and Kohala (1100 MW) amongst many others. Pakistan with 185 billion tons of coal reserves, the fourth largest in the world, is under utilizing this resource. In the overall energy mix, the share of coal power is only 7% as compared to world average of 40%. Coal is the main source for producing cheaper electricity and the Government has decided to enhance the share of coal in the overall energy mix of upto 18% in 2030. The Government is striving hard to minimize the gap between consumption and generation of electricity at affordable rate. The Government Power Policies of 1995 and 2002 have encouraged many private sector foreign and local investment through the Independent Power Producers (IPPs).

Muhammad Imtiaz Tajwar Secretary WAPDA

CONTENTS
WATER AND POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................................................ 1 SALIENT FEATURES OF POWER POLICY 2002 ............................................................................................................... 3 SUMMARY OF HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL.................................................................................................................... 4 HYDEL STATIONS IN OPERATION ..................................................................................................................................... 5 HYDROPOWER PROJECTS – UNDER CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................................... 5 HYDROPOWER PROJECTS WHICH CAN BE UNDERTAKEN FOR IMPLEMENTATION ...................................... 6 HYDROPOWER PROJECTS FOR PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP) ................................................................
tracking img