Report Isc

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  • Topic: Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Siem Reap Province
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Royal Government of Cambodia Nation Religion King

Ministry of Interior

Situational Analysis of Provincial/Municipal and District/Khan Administration in Cambodia

October 2008 General Department of Local Administration Project on Improvement of Local Administration in Cambodia (PILAC)

Preface
The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has implemented decentralization and deconcentration reform (D&D reform) since the first election of commune/sangkat in the first mandate in February 2002. Achievements and experiences of the reform at the commune/sangkat level have encouraged the RGC to adopt a comprehensive D&D reform since the launch of the Strategic Framework for D&D Reform in 2005. The promulgation of the Law on Administrative Management of Capital, Provinces, Municipalities, Districts and Khans and the Law on Elections of Capital Council, Provincial Council, Municipal Council, District Council and Khan Council in May 2008, which are also known as the organic laws, provides the legal foundation on which the D&D reform will be further advanced. The first elections under the organic laws will be held in May 2009 to establish new councils in the capital, provinces, municipalities, districts and khans of the entire nation. The RGC also started the preparation of the 10-Year National Program for Sub-national Democratic Development (SNDD) to support advancement of the D&D reform. The National Program will lay out the strategy and processes in which government functions, fiscal and human resources will be decentralized to the sub-national councils in order to achieve three key results, i.e., democratic development, improved service delivery, and poverty reduction in the coming decade. On this occasion, it is my pleasure to present this report on Situational Analysis on Provincial/ Municipal and District/Khan Administration in Cambodia. This report summarizes the assessment of capacity gaps of the current provincial/municipal and district/khan administration to carry out their roles and responsibilities assigned as of December 2008. It is hoped that the analysis would help the Ministry of Interior formulate a training program to address those capacity gaps, and more broadly, a strategy to improve service delivery of provincial/municipal and district/khan administration, one of the key results to be achieved through the National Program for SNDD. On behalf of the Ministry of Interior and the General Department of Local Administration, I would like to express my gratitude to all RGC officials and Development Partners who provided valuable time and information for this study. The last but not the least, I would also appreciate generous support of the Government of Japan through the Embassy of Japan and JICA for the D&D reform, and the Japanese experts for PILAC who provided technical support for the current study. I welcome from stakeholders any additional information, analysis, comments and recommendations on this study. Phnom Penh, December 2008

Sak Setha
Secretary of State, Ministry of Interior

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Situational Analysis of Provincial and District Administration in Cambodia

Table of Contents

Preface ........................................................................................................................................ i Abbreviation ............................................................................................................................ vii Executive Summary................................................................................................................ viii 1. Background ............................................................................................................................1 2. Research Purposes and Methods ............................................................................................2 3. Institutional framework...
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