The Bill of Rights and the Other Amendments
A. Terms and Names
I. Bill of Rights: the first ten Amendments to the United States Constitution added in 1791 and
consisting of a format list of citizen’s rights and freedoms
II. Double Jeopardy: the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense
III. Due process of law: all the procedures for fair treatment must be carried out whenever a
citizen is accused of a crime
IV. Reserved powers: powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to
the states, belong to the states and the people
V. Suffrage: the right to vote
B. Answer the following questions:
I. What liberties are protected by the Bill of Rights?
-Religious and political freedom, right to bear arms, freedom from quartering troops, freedom
against unreasonable seach and seizure, rights of accused persons, right to a speedy, public trial,
right to a trial by jury, limits on fines and punishments, rights of the people, and powers of
states and the people.
II. Name two ways the Bill of Rights protects citizens accused of crimes.
-Amendment 5: Rights of Accused Persons- 1) No person shall be held to answer for a
capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury,
except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in
time of war or public danger. 2) Any person shall not be subject for the same offense to be twice
put in jeopardy of life or limb.
III. How have Amendments changed American society?
-The Amendments changed American society because it was the protection of the American's
rights and freedoms. However, Native Americans and slaves were excluded and women were
not mentioned in the Constitution. Although some northern states permitted free blacks to vote,
the Bill of Rights offered them no protection against whites' discrimination and hostility.
Afterwards,expansion of democracy came from...
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