Geothermal Power Plants in the Philippines
Field Installed Capacity (MW) Field Operator Power Plant Operator(s) Tiwi 330 CGPHI Napocor
Makban 425 CGPHI Napocor, Ormat
Tongonan I, II, III 112, 210, 386 (Total 784) PNOC Napocor, Cal Energy Palinpinon I, II 115, 80 (Total 195) PNOC Napocor
Bacman I, II 110, 40 (Total 150) PNOC Napocor
Mindanao I, II 52, 48 (Total 100) PNOC Oxbow, Marubeni
Source: Philippines Department of Energy
The Philippines is the second-largest producer of geothermal energy in the world behind the United States, with more than 1,900 MW of installed geothermal capacity. The government has set a goal of increasing this figure to 3,100 MW within a decade, which would make the Philippines the largest geothermal energy producer, surpassing the United States. Most geothermal power projects were developed by a division of PNOC, while two of the country’s largest projects were originally developed by Philippine Geothermal, Inc. (today known as Chevron Geothermal Philippines Holdings, Inc., or CGPHI, and formerly Unocal Philippines, Inc.). In March 2004, the Philippines kicked off the Department of Energy Geothermal Contracting Round (known as GEOTHERMAL 1), in an effort to sell off Napocor’s geothermal assets and attract private investors to new projects. As part of this process, there are currently a number of new geothermal power proj.
Hydroelectric sources made up approximately 2,900 MW of the Philippines’ installed electricity generation capacity, or 19 percent of the total, in 2004. The country has not seen a significant expansion in hydroelectric capacity during the last two decades, although some new projects are currently being developed, particularly small-scale hydroelectric facilities. Biomass
Philippine is known to have an abundance of bio-energy fuel sources at its disposal because of its extensive agricultural, forestry, and livestock industries. Potential fuel sources include bagasse (60-70% utilization), coconut residues (40-50% utilization), wood, rice hulks (10-20% utilization) and municipal solid waste. The DOE has identified a biomass (bagasse) potential of 250 million barrels of fuel oil equivalent in the country. In terms of capacity, the country has a total installed capacity of 235.7MW from the different regions, with Western Visayas having the biggest potential of 127.8 MW. In 1996 bagasse contributed 3.6% to the energy mix, with 39 operating sugar mills producing an estimated 4600 tons of cane daily. More than 653 biogas systems for generation from animal wastes are installed in the Philippines, with the technology having been used since 1970s.
Solar energy refers to energy derived from solar radiation which can be converted into useful thermal or electrical energy. Considering that the country is situated near the equator, there is a nationwide potential for harnessing solar energy. In 2000, the Philippines installed a PV (photovoltaic) capacity of about 567KW. And presently, there is a 960KW CEPALCO solar power plant which is located in Cagayan de Oro in Mindanao. There are eight solar energy programs, seven of which are funded by foreign donors. The Solar Power Technology Support (SPOTS) Project was designed to install solar energy systems in about 80 Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs). There are also 5,600 solar energy systems completed in 154 barangays under this program. The Environmental Improvement for Economic Sustainability (EIES) Project also promotes the use of photovoltaic system for rural-based electrification through the installation of 15,000 Solar Hybrid Systems (SHS) in the target regions. The said regions include Region I to VII, the Mindanao area and the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). As of the first quarter of 2006, 9,191SHS have already been installed in the country.
Wind energy refers to the energy that can be derived from the wind. Philippines situated...